Key Issues and Arguments
ICTs and Empowerment of Women
The papers in this anthology have shown how new media communication technologies are empowering in particular young and middle class women. Women in Asia have employed the soft power of digital media to confront the hard power of patriarchy, for example, the networking of feminists to promote women’s advocacies such as the “Pink Underwear Campaign” to oppose violence and infringement on women’s freedom, and the protest against the oppression of a women religious order in the Catholic Church in India (Saldanha, Abraham). For Japanese women, Yaoi literature11 online has provided them a space in a rigidly patriarchal society where they can explore their sexuality and question long-held conventions with regard to reproduction, marriage, and family issues (Peracullo).
Web-enabled income-generating projects have been helping uplift the conditions of those in the lower-socio-economic classes as the rural women of India (Saldanha and Abraham). In the Philippines, the BPO made possible by new communications media has afforded equal employment opportunities for women and men (Villagonzalo). Among migrants, ICTs facilitate women’s job search, verification of recruiters/recruitment agencies and has helped maintain close relationships in the transnational family (Cruz).