I Exclusion, Inclusion, and Collusion
Resistance/Collusion with Masculinist-Capitalist Fantasies? Japanese and Filipino Women in the Cyber-Terrain
Jeane C. Peracullo
Th,s chapter focuses on women’s bodies as produced, reproduced, and re-colonized in cyberspace.1 Violence as manifested in geographical space is present even in cyberspace inasmuch as the stakeholders, players, perpetrators and victims are humans. Violence takes many forms and its definitions range in breadth.2 While traditional conceptions of violence emphasize war or armed violence and direct violence normally results in visible victims and survivors, the manifestation of violence in cyberspace is much more subtle and to some extent sublime.
Specifically, this essay spotlights the case of Japanese and Filipino women. Both share a similarity that binds them together in their female embodiment. Both groups are considered to be geographically Asian and consequently suffer from the same cultural stereotypes ascribed to Asian women—passive, demure, shy, desirous of monogamy and family-oriented while being also sexually voracious but with an aim to please men. I employed content and discourse analysis of top ten websites that emerged after I “googled” Japanese Women, Japanese Girls, Filipino Women, Filipino Girls, Filipina, and
Pinay, which is a local term for Filipino women. I used Google and Yahoo, which are the most popular search engines in the world.
Violence against women in cyberspace ironically is an attempt to em-body them; to “bring them back to their state of embodied-ness”; andto perpetuate their connection with nature. In the case of women and girls, they are naturalized, and condemned by their association with the body.3 The woman-body/nature connection is problematic insofar as it ties down women to their essentialized role of sexual service providers, nurturers and care-givers. However, a postcolonial awareness is also evident/manifested in the way Filipinas and Japanese women defy/resist/subvert this act of “em-bodying” in cyberspace. The whole project of this article is thus two-fold: recognition of women’s resistance in micro-ways and collusion to masculinist-capitalist fantasies in macro-ways.