Creates Spaces/Resists Exclusion
Being a cyborg does not automatically dissolve patriarchy. The internet is replete with images, postings and websites that reinforce gender stereotypes.48 Gender discrimination and violence against women are being rearticulated anew in cyborg forms.49 The more women get “wired” or make use of computer-mediated communication, the greater is the possibility for them to reshape the discourse on the Net and challenge the “informatics of domination.”
It is important to note though that while majority are not integrated, everyone feels the impact of the processes occurring in the socially decisive global networks that organize production, consumption, communication and power. The double logic of inclusion and exclusion, is, according to Manuel Castells— a sociologist and expert on the information society— not just due to a time lag or a delay in people’s inclusion. For him, it is a “structural feature of the global network society” that is not just a forum but a marketplace with media conglomerates putting profit ahead of public interest. Places, activities and people that are of no value in relation to this aim of the network are thus ignored because they neither produce nor consume. Castells calls these regions in urban and rural areas bypassed by ICT as the “fourth world.” Castells emphasizes that one thing is clear— the domination of those excluded from the networks: “In this sense, the global overwhelms the local - unless the local becomes connected to the global as a node in alternative global networks constructed by social movements.” (Italics mine.)50
Spirited cyborgs create spaces (ruach) by challenging social arrangements that exclude and by welcoming “others” in alternative networks and movements.