Welfare State Transformations and Inequality in OECD Countries


Inequality on the RiseMarket Inequality, Predistribution and RedistributionIncome Inequality Before and After Taxes and Transfers: Empirical TrendsWhy We (Should) Care About Rising InequalityWelfare State Transformation: Trends Across OECD CountriesThe VolumeReferencesI Welfare State Transformations and Inequality: Concepts and TrendsWelfare State Transformation Across OECD Countries: Supply Side Orientation, Individualized Outcome Risks and DualizationThe 'Golden Age' of Welfare State Expansion and Varieties of Welfare State CapitalismChallenges to Modern Welfare StatesAfter the 'Golden Age': Convergence Towards the Supply Side Model, Dualization and Individualization of Outcome RisksSize and Instruments of Welfare StatesSupply Side Model in Selected Social Policy FieldsConclusion: Implications of the Supply Side Model for Distribution and RedistributionReferencesPersistent Social and Rising Economic Inequalities: Evidence and ChallengesConcepts of InequalityMulti-dimensionalitySocial Stratification and Social MobilityCulturalist Approaches to Social ClassPersistent Inequalities in Times of Prosperity: The Myth of MeritocracyEducational Inequalities: Cumulative Effects of Social Origins over the Life CourseRising Economic InequalitiesEconomic PolarizationConsequences: The Price of InequalityTheoretical Perspectives: Competitive Versus Conflictual InequalityConclusionReferencesPhilosophical Perspectives on Different Kinds of InequalitiesThe Notion of (In)EqualityThe Material Requirements of EqualityFormal EqualityProportional EqualityMoral EqualityRelational EqualityThe Normative Significance of (Different Types) of Social (In)EqualitiesRequired Equalities and Permissible Inequalities in Welfare SystemsEradication of DeprivationRedistribution of ResourcesConclusionReferencesII Policy FieldsTaxation and Inequality: How Tax Competition Has Changed the Redistributive Capacity of NationStates in the OECDTaxation and Inequality: Analytical DiscussionTaxation and Inequality: Three Dimensions of Tax EquityTax Competition and Inequality: A Literature ReviewTaxation and Inequality: Empirical Developments 1980-2013Common OECD Developments 1980-2013Taxes and Inequality: Divergent Paths in Four CountriesConclusionReferencesKeeping an Eye on IRIS: Risk and Income Solidarity in OECD Healthcare SystemsDeveloping an Index of Risk and Income SolidarityData and Methods Used for IRISSolidarity in Healthcare Financing: National Paths PrevailConclusion: Sharing Risks, Not Income?ReferencesRetirement Income Provision and Household Income: Between- and Within-Cohort Inequalities in Germany and the United States since the 1980sThe Changing Face of Retirement Income Provision in Germany and the United StatesDeclining Public Pension Replacement RatesRetrenchment of Early Retirement Options in GermanyTransformation of Complementary Pensions in the United StatesData and MethodsIncome Trajectories Around Men's RetirementConclusionsReferencesThe Trilemma of Higher Education and Equality of Opportunity: Social Background, Access to Higher Education and the Moderating Impact of Enrolment and Public SubsidizationTheoretical FrameworkInequality of Educational OpportunitiesThe Political Economy of Higher EducationTheoretical AssumptionsData and MethodIndividual-Level DataMacro-Level DataMethodResultsConclusionReferencesLabour Market Risks in Times of Welfare State ChangesThe Challenge for Continental EuropeThe Incidence of Labour Market Risks in Continental EuropeA Short History of Labour Market Reforms in Germany, France, Spain and ItalyGermanyFranceItalySpainPatterns of Labour Market Inequality in Continental Europe: Data and OperationalizationPatterns of Labour Market Inequality in Continental Europe: The AnalysisConclusionsReferencesChanges in Labour Market Policies, the Gender Model and Social Inequality: Institutional Dualization Revisited(Re)Conceptualization of Family and Gender ModelsThe 'German Model' Until the 1990sRenewing Family Policy and the Gender ModelLabour Market Regulation and Gendered OutcomesSegmentation of Collective Bargaining and Gender Wage Gap'Marriage of Flexibility and Security' and Social InequalityConclusionReferencesIII National versus Global InequalitiesGlobal Social Policy in the Context of Global InequalityGlobal Social Justice, Redistribution and InequalityGlobal Ideas on InequalityGlobal Social Policy Mechanisms Affecting InequalityGlobal StructuresBasic PackagesRedistribution via Development AidConclusionReferencesFreedom of Movement in the EU and Welfare State Closure: Welfare Regime Type, Benefit Restrictions and Their Implications for Social MobilityEU Social and Freedom Rights Promoting Social via Spatial MobilityExplaining Welfare State ClosureRestrictions on Mobility and Social Rights of Poor EU MigrantsGermany: Reducing Opportunities for 'Fraud'United Kingdom: Restricting 'Benefit Migration'Sweden: Defending Mobility and Social Rights of EU MigrantsWelfare State Regimes and Inequality of Mobility ChancesConclusionReferencesThe New Welfare State Constellation and Inequality: Findings and PerspectivesKey Findings and the State of the LiteratureProspects for Further Research and the Transformed Welfare State ConstellationReferences
 
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