Macro-Level Data

To reiterate, the central hypothesis of this chapter is that the degree of educational inequality with regard to access to higher education may be moderated by characteristics of the respective higher education system. Specifically, the two variables that, in conjunction with each other, determine to which higher education ideal type a country belongs are also assumed to exert an influence on the equality of opportunity in higher education. As described, these two variables are dubbed Enrolment Ratio and Public Subsidization per Student. Logically, these variables operate on the macro rather than the individual level, and corresponding data is thus collected on the basis of countries and years. For each OECD country included in the ESS, information on the macro variables was matched to the survey data. The hypothesized conjectural relationship is modelled by introducing cross-level interactions of the parental education variable in its categorical form with the two macro-level variables in the following analysis.

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