The enterprise theory

The second theoretical approach deals with crime as a reasonable, well-organised enterprise. We encounter organised crime in the form of everyday, conventional economic activities.35 In this approach, less emphasis is placed on the relationships between offenders and their environment and between subculture and underworld. What remains is transactional crime, profit as a driving motivator, and a rationality that seeks to reduce opportunity costs (in the form of the risk of criminal prosecution^6 using the division of labour, corruption, and violence. Under this approach, organised crime can hardly be distinguished from a legitimate commercial enterprise. It is described as an open system, one that adapts quickly to political, legal, and economic developments/7 One example of this is money laundering in which neither the offender nor the offence itself can be traced back to a single criminal act.

By way of summary, it probably has to be admitted that organised crime is a phenomenon that is difficult to squeeze into the structure of a particular definition, since its manifestations can be so various depending on its ethnic origin and type of criminal activity.

< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >