Occupant Satisfaction, Fire Alarm, Networks and Security
Buildings enable their occupants to work, play, meet, shop, sleep, eat, socialize, educate, learn and a host of other activities. This involves their comfort, both physically and psychologically. Considerations such as thermal comfort, appropriate lighting for the occupants' activity, control of lighting and air distribution, workspace layouts and the technology systems make it easier for the occupants to complete their tasks. The physiological effect may relate to the building's image, appearance, and aesthetics.
The primary job of the fire alarm system is to warn building occupants of a fire so that they can safely evacuate the premises. The fire alarm system is one main component of a larger fire protection system. True fire protection encompasses mechanical systems, electrical systems, structural attributes, and architectural aspects such as means of egress. These may include: fire sprinklers that discharge water when a fire has been detected or a predetermined temperature has been exceeded. The structural and architectural aspects of the building play a part in fire protection. The building must be fire-rated and have a fire resistant structure, as well as intuitive means of egress for occupants.
Network and Security
The building automation industry now has legitimate and reasonable concerns regarding the security of building control systems, especially in smart buildings where advanced technology is deployed. This apprehension is amplified in newer buildings because of increased penetration of IT infrastructure in building control systems. The overarching security concern is primarily about network security and less about physical security, although the two are certainly related.