The organizational complexity and unique populations of CCRCs create challenges that require special attention for potential researchers and trainers. To achieve the goals of the program, great care should be taken during recruitment. Hosting formal and informal recruitment sessions, planning ahead, and getting support from the activity director is crucial for a successful recruitment. To retain participants, special needs should be addressed early and evaluated often. Maintaining a strong relationship not only with participants but also with management and community leaders, such as activity directors, is necessary for a successful training program or study.

Recommended readings

Davies, S. L., Goodman, C., Manthorpe, J., Smith, A., Carrick, N., and Iliffe, S. 2014. Enabling research in care homes: An evaluation of a national network of research ready care homes. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 14, 47. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-47.

McHenry, J. C., Insel, K. C., Einstein, G. O., Vidrine, A. N., Koerner, K. M., and Morrow, D. G. 2015. Recruitment of older adults: Success may be in the details. The Gerontologist, 55(5), 845-853.

McNeely, E. A. and Clements, S. D. 1994. Recruitment and retention of the older adults into research studies. Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 26, 57-61.

Reich, W. T. 1978. Ethical issues related to research involving elderly subjects. The Gerontologist, 18(4), 326-337.

Shearer, N., Fleury, J., and Belyea, M. 2008. An innovative approach to recruiting homebound older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56(12), 2340-2348.

Wood, F., Prout, H., Bayer, A., Duncan, D., Nuttall, J., Hood, K., and Butler, C. C. 2013. Consent, including advanced consent, of older adults to research in care homes: A qualitative study of stakeholders' views in South Wales. Trials, 14, 247. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-247.

Wrights, A. P., Fain, C. W., Miller, M. E., Rejeski, W. J., Williamson, J. D., and Marsh, A. P. 2015. Assessing physical and cognitive function of older adults in continuing care retirement communities: Who are we recruiting? Contemporary Clinical Trials, 40, 159-165. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.003.

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