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A short course of lectures
«The handy law answer book»

If there is an error on your credit report, what do you do?What type of federal court system did Congress create in the Judiciary Act of 1789?Can employers assert any defense to supervisory harassment?How is the U.S. Constitution composed?What are typical grounds for divorce?What is the fundamental purpose of the Fourth Amendment?Does the First Amendment protect all forms of free speech?Why is workers' compensation considered a form of compromise?How do you prove credit discrimination?Does the First Amendment protect graduation prayer?What is separation of powers?How long do Chapter 13 cases last compared to Chapter 7 cases?Do courts always follow their past decisions?What is the standard of care for a physician?Are all debts dischargeable under Chapter 7?Must a criminal defendant testify on behalf of himself or herself?Is a moment of silence law constitutional?EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION What are public hearings?Do credit reports contain credit scores?How does the court determine if a defendant received effective assistance of counsel?If your lawyer does a lousy job on your case, for what reasons can you sue for malpractice?How did the U.S. Constitution structure the legislative branch?What is the exclusionary rule?My supervisor made comments like "you're too old for the job." Is that evidence of age discrimination?What are the basic types of bankruptcy?Which federal judges lost their jobs because of the Judiciary Act of 1802?What was the famous plate-snatching case?Can a person choose to waive or decline counsel and represent himself or herself?MARRIAGE How are presidents elected?How are state court judges picked?Can separate property be converted to marital property during the course of a marriage?What happens in the jury instruction phase of the trial?Why is the Fourteenth Amendment sometimes called a Second Bill of Rights?Were all the Founders convinced that the executive branch should consist of one person?What are common defenses to defamation claims?What is the full faith and credit clause?Didn't the U.S. Congress just pass a new law on credit cards?What is a famous tort case of involving intrusion?What does Title VII say about retaliation?What happens at the start of a criminal trial?How do you cite a statute or law?When did Congress create separate judges for the circuit courts?What Is the main difference between a federal district court and the other federal courts?What freedoms does the Fifth Amendment protect?What is plain view?What are the factors a court considers in deciding whether and how much to award in alimony?If you think you are the father of a child, but you are not married and the mother refuses to let you see the baby, is there anything you can do?What is the primary source of law in the United States?How does the unemployment benefits process work?Did the U.S. Supreme Court rely on international law in reaching its decision against the death penalty for juvenile offenders?AMENDMENT XXIV.Are mixed-motive claims cognizable under the ADEA as they are under Title VII?Is there a tort that you can use or sue under if someone files false criminal charges against you?What happens if the defendant pleads guilty?Must an employer do anything to accommodate employees who wish to breast feed their children?What freedoms does the Sixth Amendment protect?What are other distinguishing features of a grand jury?If you fall on a slippery floor in a store, can you sue for negligence?What if the EEOC finds there has been discrimination?What does the Tenth Amendment have to do with the concept of federalism?What are the basic types of crimes?What methods of adoptions are there?Which states do not have elections for any type of judges?TRIAL PROCESS What are the time limits for filing an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) charge?What are statutes of limitations?STATE CONSTITUTIONS What are the legal results of a felony conviction?What are the basic types of torts?What is the record?What does assistance of counsel mean?What age restrictions are imposed on prospective adoptive parents?Who was the greatest Supreme Court justice?What is credit insurance?How often does the Supreme Court hear cases?ARTICLE V.What sorts of employer actions can constitute unlawful retaliation?What is predatory lending?What about employees receiving tips and how they are treated under FLSA?Why is the Commerce Clause so important?What is the main difference between Chapter 13 and Chapter 7?What is the order of argument with respect to closing arguments?What is products liability?If the jury convicts the defendant, what are the defendant's options?Who determines the meaning of a state constitution?LOANSWhat are expert witnesses?What is the protection against self-incrimination?Are state constitutions based on the U.S. Constitution?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives?Who are some of the nation's leading federal appeals court judges?How does a court determine whether an employee suffers discrimination?WORKERS' COMPENSATION LAW AMENDMENT XXIII.Are children held to the same standard of care as adults?What is the Tenth Amendment?How is a disability defined within the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?What is APR?What does it cost to file for bankruptcy?How does an employee file a claim under Title VII or other federal employment law?What are some major death penalty decisions since Furman v. Georgia (1972)?Which states prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation for public employees only?Is expert testimony required in medical malpractice cases?How is marriage defined by the law?What is just compensation?Is there a time limit on appeals?What federal law prohibits employment discrimination based on age?What are some other powers of Congress mentioned in the U.S. Constitution?How does tort law differ from contract law?Where did James Madison look for possible proposals that eventually became included in the Bill of Rights?Which federal judges have been impeached?Why is credit expensive?If a party loses, what are his or her legal options?What happened in the Clinton impeachment hearings?How old must an employee be to qualify for protection under the ADEA?What exactly is incorporation and how does this work?Is a person entitled to an attorney during the booking process?Where do you go to select the right credit card?THE CRIMINAL PROCESS What are jury instructions?What is res ipsa loquitur?What was the Great Compromise?Where does the term "good Samaritan" come from?What types of jobs do lawyers have?What is an example of false light invasion of privacy?What is the discovery rule and how does it impact statutes of limitations in tort cases?LAWSUITS ARTICLE I.JUVENILE DEFENDANTS Can the jury receive written copies of the judge's instructions?How should and employer determine if an employee is qualified?NINTH AND TENTH AMENDMENTSHow many members are there in the House and the Senate?When does the U.S. Supreme Court meet?Can an employer fire an employee for filing a workers' compensation claim?What is an example of an ex post facto law?Since Title VII does not protect employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation does that mean these employees have no protection?Can courts modify child support obligations?How do you know if you have too much debt?What is voir dire?AMENDMENT XXV.Do school officials have unfettered authority to conduct strip searches?What are some advantages of filing Chapter 13 versus filing for Chapter 7?What is the difference between serving sentences concurrently or consecutively?Can persons separate without filing for a divorce?What is a suspended sentence?Is it a requirement for a Supreme Court justice to have prior judicial experience?Do many states have family courts?What is identity theft?What is the process of plea bargaining?How is a law created?Is judicial review an American invention?What is intentional infliction of emotional distress?What is credit and why is it so important?Can jury members discuss the case before deliberations?What happens during a trial?What is a covenant marriage?SENTENCING Can all law school graduates take the bar exam?What are some famous quotes by Learned Hand?What part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 gives the Supreme Court the power to review state laws?CHILD SUPPORT How much can you expect to pay a lawyer?How does the criminal process begin?What are some of the exceptions to the overtime pay requirement?How does the Constitution give the executive branch a role in the law?What expression was involved in the Tinker case?How did the invasion of privacy tort originate?LAWYERS AND LAWSUITSWhy were the first ten amendments—the Bill of Rights—added to the U.S. Constitution?What are some defenses to intentional torts?What are some ways to prevent identity theft?What is bankruptcy?How many federal district courts and federal appeals courts are there?What happens if a party will not respond to discovery requests?DEBT COLLECTORS AND THE LAWCan an employer refuse to hire an employee whose disability would present a health risk to himself or others?Are all criminal defendants entitled to a court-appointed attorney?Are prenuptial agreements, or pre-marital agreements, valid?Who was Gideon and who eventually was his appointed counsel?AMENDMENT XII.How is a lawyer paid?If you're convicted of a crime as a juvenile can you be tried as an adult?What was the pressing need for the Constitution?What are the differences between civil unions and marriages?What is condonation?What states still recognize common-law marriages?How can a spouse ensure that property remains separate?What broad categories of workers are not subject to the employment-at-will doctrine?What is considered harassing behavior under the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act (FDCPA)?When does an injury arise out of and in the course of employment?What is the key factor in determining whether employees may be included in a valid tip pool?AMENDMENT XIX.AMENDMENT XI.Can birth mothers withdraw consent to an adoption?Can a younger person in the protected class sue for age discrimination?AMENDMENT X.What are the terms of office for representatives and senators?Can a judge declare a mistrial?What advantage is it for a person to have representation from a public interest law firm?Have any U.S. Supreme Court justices been impeached?SEVENTH AMENDMENT Can a parent have child custody if he or she has committed a crime?What is a right-to-sue letter?Isn't it true that the original Constitution (before the Bill of Rights) was already a bill of rights of sorts?BECOMING A LAWYER What are the powers of the president?What further legal options are available to a person once convicted?ADOPTIONWhat is the relationship between state high courts and state constitutions?Are there limitations when debt collectors can call consumers?What is a protected class?What role does a judge have with respect to plea bargaining?What was the Evarts Act?What is a credit score?ARTICLE VI.What is a wobbler?What are some other examples of intentional infliction of emotional distress?Is there a way to keep certain property by working out a deal with creditors?During the prosecution's case, is there a chance at cross-examination?What is federalism?Do jury verdicts have to be unanimous?What did the Court decide with respect to criminal three-strikes laws?What are the various House Committees?What happens with the attorneys' proposed jury instructions?What other conduct does the FDCPA prohibit?What are the purposes or reasons for bail?Who became the first woman to serve as speaker of the House?What were some important precursors to Marbury v. Madison?Can the same conduct form the basis for both a crime and a tort?THE SUPREME COURT TERM What level of First Amendment rights do students possess?What happens if your former spouse to whom you are paying alimony remarries?Are all lawyers litigators?With what plan did the Virginia Plan compete?What felonies can lead to the death penalty?Who was Griggs in the Griggs v. Duke Power case?What happened to Ernesto A. Miranda after the U.S. Supreme Court decision?OTHER EMPLOYMENT LAW CONSIDERATIONSHow does a court determine if bail is excessive?What is the tort of nuisance?Can your attorney settle a case without your approval?What is a famous intentional infliction of emotional distress case involving Hustler Magazine?Is there a difference between the initial appearance and the arraignment?When did the U.S. Supreme Court get its own building?What types of discrimination does Title VII prohibit?If a consumer disputes information on his or her credit report must that be included in the credit report?What is the duty to mitigate damages?What determines when the U.S. Supreme Court will hear a case?What are the two types of due process?Did the Anti-Federalists have their own published writings?What is considered a work-related injury?JUDICIAL BRANCH What entity handles worker compensation claims?What is an adverse employment action?Must employers give employees time off for lunch and for rest periods?If a lawyer passes a state bar exam can he or she then practice in any state?Are all attorney or legal malpractice claims based on negligence law?What expenses do adoptive parents pay to the birth mother?What is the work product of judges and courts?FIRST AMENDMENT What happened to Percy Green after McDonnell Douglas v. Green?What major laws prohibit discrimination based on disability or handicap?Does Title VII protect employees who are harassed by members of the same sex?What is child custody?AMENDMENT V.How did the battle between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists conclude?What is the meaning of probable cause?Does a defendant have a right to a preliminary hearing in state court?What is a public interest law firm?What is alimony?What is an example of an equal protection violation?What is adoption?Who were the original federal district court judges in these thirteen districts?Are all persons charged with crimes entitled to bail?How does the Constitution give the judicial branch a role in the legal system?How does an employee prove retaliation?When can a judge reverse a jury verdict?If a direct appeal process and the state post-conviction process both fail, are there any other legal avenues?AMENDMENT IV.What was the purpose of the Third Amendment?Can U.S. Supreme court justices be removed from office?THE EXECUTIVE BRANCHCan an employer be held negligent if it retains or hires an employee who is dangerous to the public?What is the importance of compulsory process?What is continuing legal education?What are civil unions?What can you do if there is an error on your credit card bill?EIGHTH AMENDMENTWhy is legal language sometimes hard to understand?What freedom does the Seventh Amendment protect?What is the purpose of workers' compensation?How does the Constitution give Congress the power to impact law?Are there different types of credit?Does Title Vll's retaliation clause protect an employee who participates not in a court proceeding or EEOC investigation but in an employer's internal investigation of sexual harassment?Where does a person go to find a lawyer?PATERNITYWhat is the role of punitive damages in bifurcated tort cases?Can the employee handbook that an employer hands out to you constitute a valid contract that binds the employer?What are some of the most common types of public policy exceptions to the employment-at-will doctrine?If the employee establishes a prima facie claim, what must the employer do?Does Title VII apply to just intentional discrimination?What is the story of Jason Little and how the public policy exception to employment at will protected him from physical assault?If your employer is not covered by the FMLA, are there any state laws that could help?What happens after a person is convicted?Does Title VII prohibit discrimination against transsexuals?How are legal authorities identified?In an FLSA case, who has the burden of proof to show that an employee is exempt from the overtime pay benefit?What if an editorial writer uses strong language to describe a person?Do all state high courts have the same number of justices or judges?How many judges serve on the circuit courts?Can states cap punitive damage awards?Can consumers sue for violations of the FDCPA?Can a state conduct a criminal trial with only five jurors?What are titles?FIFTH AMENDMENTWhen does speech cross the line and become a true threat?Why did Elbridge Gerry, Edmund Randolph and George Mason refuse to sign the Constitution?How do justices get on the U.S. Supreme Court?What is the level of free speech protection for public employees?AMENDMENT XX.What should you look for in an attorney?Who was the first speaker of the House?What was the U.S. Supreme Court's definition of a true threat in Virginia v. Black (2003).What are the two core clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?What is the court or judge's role in the adoption process?Must you take a blood test before getting married?Are all freedoms in the Bill of Rights extended to the states?What does the Federal Magistrates Act do?What factors does a court consider in determining the amount of punitive damages?SECOND AMENDMENT What employers are obligated to follow the FMLA?What is the American Bar Association?Title VII also prohibits religious discrimination by covered employers. What is the law's definition of religion?Can grandparents have visitation rights?What if you suffer a heart attack due to stress on the job? Are you compensable under workers compensation?What if an employer fires one employee who is 65 and replaces him or her with someone who is 47. Does this constitute age discrimination since both employees are over 40?Who was the only speaker of the House also to become president of the United States?Do all states require individuals to take a bar exam to practice law?FINDING A LAWYER How does the federal court system created by the Founding Fathers compare and contrast with the current federal court system?AMENDMENT XV.What is supervised visitation?What is the difference between a lump-sum settlement and a structured settlement?Are there other laws that allowed injured employees to receive time off from work?How did Congress change the ADA in 2008?What is the minimum wage required by the FLSA?Can a court use an anonymous jury?AGE DISCRIMINATION Is a trial judge required to give a definition of beyond a reasonable doubt?If you are fired from your job can you obtain unemployment benefits coverage?What is an appellate brief?What is phishing?Who can perform marriages?Did all of the 55 delegates sign the final product of the Philadelphia Convention?THE U.S. CONSTITUTION How does the U.S. Supreme Court determine if something violates the Establishment Clause?Can stepparents adopt their spouse's (biological) children?What are some famous executive orders in American history?DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION If a person passes the bar exam, is he or she automatically entitled to practice law?CHILD CUSTODYWhat is a Batson challenge?Can a minor birth mother consent to an adoption?ARTICLE II.THE BILL OF RIGHT AND THE 14TH AMENDMENTDoes Title VII apply to all employees?When did Congress establish the lower federal courts?What if one parent refuses another parent's visitation rights?What is the Confrontation Clause?If the jury cannot agree and is deadlocked, what does a court do?What does a defense attorney hope to accomplish at a preliminary hearing?What makes the Second Amendment controversial?What does FLSA say about overtime pay?Can companies purchase copies of credit reports?What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation?Why is comparative fault considered fairer than contributory negligence?What factors does a judge consider in determining sentencing?When a person is arrested and taken into custody, what happens next?What are briefs?How does tort law differ from criminal law?How does a judge determine whether sentencing is concurrent or consecutive?Do juveniles in juvenile court receive all of the same rights as adults charged in criminal court?What was the prayer at issue in the Engel v. Vitale case?What is time served?RETALIATION Does a judge have to accept a plea bargain and give the defendant the sentence offered by the prosecution?What types of challenges are available to strike jurors?How does the notion of community standards affect obscenity cases?What are examples of public officials and public figures?What is the nickname of the Supreme Court Building?Why was James Madison a key person in the Convention?Can judges sequester juries?How did the employment-at-will doctrine originate in the United States?ALIMONYWhat are some of the major anti-discrimination laws at the federal level?What types of relief do plaintiffs seek?Can a "Good Samaritan" be held liable if he or she acts negligently even though they are trying to help?If the majority opinion becomes the law of the land, are concurring and dissenting opinions important?Does a person have a tort claim if they are wrongfully detained for shoplifting in a major department store?What is the major federal law regulating compensation for employees?What legal doctrine still provides the baseline rule that employees have little protection in the employment relationship in the United States?What if the EEOC does not find there has been discrimination?Can cousins legally marry?What if an employee suffers a permanent disability?What are the two main types or theories of discrimination?Title VII protects individuals based on their gender, but does it protect people because of their sexual orientation?What does the court do if a reasonable accommodation conflicts with a seniority system?How long do justices serve on the Supreme Court?How does a court determine the amount of child support?Are there limitations as to what are reasonable accommodations?ARTICLE III.How many constitutional amendments have been enacted?If an employee files both a sex or race discrimination claim and a retaliation claim, can the retaliation claim survive even if the underlying sex or race claim is dismissed?How does a Chapter 13 case begin?Are there time limits and notice requirements on filing worker compensation claims?Who must consent to an adoption?What is "impeachment"?Did any of the recent justices on the Supreme Court previously serve as a judge in some capacity?If the government places a Ten Commandments monument on government property, does that violate the Establishment Clause?Can a business be liable for injuries caused to its patrons by third parties?What factors do courts use to determine whether someone is entitled to bail and what amount?In those states that examine the relocation of a parent under a "best interests of the child" analysis, what are the factors that courts consider?Are there an unlimited number of peremptory challenges?How does a person keep track of all the abbreviations and requirements for legal citations?Does the First Amendment protect advertising?STATE COURTS What was the Fugitive Slave Clause?If an appellate court reverses a trial court, what happens next?What can parties contract to in a pre-marital agreement?Who determines whether conduct constitutes a felony or a misdemeanor?AMENDMENT XIII.AMENDMENT VI.What happened in the large state of Virginia with respect to ratification?Who were the 55 Founding Framers of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787What is a common-law marriage?What states allow covenant marriages?What types of attorneys argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court?Can you be liable for the debts your spouse acquired prior to marriage?What happens after a bill is introduced?Are there limits to punitive damage awards?Does the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibit credit discrimination based on sexual orientation?What is a public figure and why is that important to defamation law?AMENDMENT XVIII.EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION What happened in the Heller case?After a person is booked, what happens next?What distinguishes criminal law from civil law?What caused the U.S. Supreme Court to change course and uphold death penalty statutes only a few years after its Furman decision?What else takes place at the arraignment?NEGLIGENCECONSTITUTIONAL LAWWhat are the two types of causation in tort cases?AMENDMENT XXVI.What types of damages are most common in tort cases?Do all states have separate laws dealing with minimum wages?What is an example of power that should be "reserved" to the states under the Tenth Amendment?AcknowledgmentsTHE COURT SYSTEMWhat does the Constitution say about the composition of Congress?How does a court determine a public policy exception to the at-will doctrine?CRIMINAL PROCEDURESCan juror misconduct lead to a mistrial?What is an example of a separation of powers problem?ARTICLE VII.GlossaryWhat types of crimes committed by a spouse give the other spouse grounds for divorce?At what age can a person legally marry?How does a court determine how to apportion marital property?What is a crime?What is a "reasonable person"?What was the Ford Pinto problem?Are there other federal courts that are not Article III courts?What is a "Belo" contract?THIRD AND FOURTH AMENDMENTS What should you do if you have too much debt?AMENDMENT XVII.Can adoption agencies consider the race of the adoptive parents or children when making decisions?Can your employer force you to take a polygraph test?Does Title VII apply to harassing behavior on the part of employers?Are awards in tort cases taxable?Recently a creditor denied me credit for what I believe was because of my race or gender. Do I have any recourse?Can courts modify custody arrangements?Can a defendant waive his or her right to a jury?What if an employer has multiple reasons for taking adverse action against an employee—a discriminatory reason and a lawful reason?What is medical malpractice?What is bail?Are mental conditions cognizable under the ADA?What does the Constitution say about ex post facto laws?If you are a pregnant and unmarried woman, and the father refuses to acknowledge paternity, what can you do?What does it mean for a trial to be public?What is recrimination?What were the principal objections of the Anti-Federalists to the Constitution?What was the Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe case on school prayer and what did the U.S. Supreme Court decide?After the Constitution was signed, what happened during the ratification process?What opinions were rendered by the U.S. Supreme Court concerning Wallace v. Jaffree.What types of issues are covered by family law, or the law of domestic relations?How do circuit courts of appeal hear cases?Does it violate the ADEA for an employer to provide a date of birth question on an employment application?What is a status offense?OTHER TORTSWhat are examples of professional negligence claims?How does a court handle the issue of reasonable accommodations and undue hardships?Can a person have multiple spouses?What is an example of a discrimination case involving religion in which it was ruled that the employer did not accommodate the employee adequately?What recent decision on eminent domain and just compensation outraged many?How do you qualify for a court-appointed attorney?What are examples of crimes that constitute felonies?What are the different forms of comparative negligence?When did the Court originally begin its new terms?Why does a criminal defendant need an attorney?FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT Is a defendant entitled to a jury trial?Are all state court systems based on the three-tiered model of trial court, intermediate appellate court, and final appellate court?What information does an adoption agency consider when determining whether to place a child with prospective adoptive parents?TITLE VIIWhere are constitutional amendments placed in the Constitution?What is a bankruptcy trustee?If an employer does present a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for the discharge then what must the employee do to prove his or her case?ARTICLE IV.If a defendant is sentenced to three years, how much time will the defendant actually serve?How did the necessary and proper clause affect a famous case involving a U.S. bank?What is the Fair Credit Reporting ActBANKRUPTCYSIXTH AMENDMENT What is a preliminary hearing?AMENDMENT VII.AMENDMENT XIV.Can a court require a parent to pay child support?If the case proceeds to trial what happens next?Some have said James Madison used the Bill of Rights to save the Constitution. Is there truth to this?AMENDMENT III.What is a credit freeze?Does the Court ever meet outside of its traditional term time?Can an employer establish mandatory retirement limits?Can prospective adoptive parents advertise that they wish to adopt a child?What does the U.S. Constitution say about the U.S. Supreme Court?What is due process?RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATIONWho was the defendant Ballew?What is the direct appeal?When did Justice Sandra Day O'Connor introduce her endorsement test?In what famous decision did the U.S. Supreme Court establish certain rights to persons facing interrogation and questioning from police?AMENDMENT VIII.How does the Court determine whether punishment is cruel and unusual?Which interpretation—collective or individual—has the U.S. Supreme Court adopted?How does an employee prove a claim of religious discrimination?Does Title VII protect individuals of all races?What is a judicial opinion?When did the U.S. Supreme Court first recognize that Title VII included disparate impact claims?When served with a complaint, what is the legal responsibility of a defendant?What is Title VII?What is a 341 meeting?What explained the difference between the two 2005 decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court?Can you file for divorce in a state that is not the state in which you were married?Can presidents be impeached?JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 How many different districts are there?What happens to an employee's job when he or she returns from FMLA leave?Can a consumer reporting agency send a credit report to prospective employers?What are the required elements of a defamation claim?What is a no-asset case?What warnings must the police give you when they arrest you and place you in custody?If your spouse leaves and doesn't come back, is that grounds for divorce?What did the new Constitution say about slavery?If a credit reporting agency unfairly refuses to correct a mistake, can you sue?What is the Fourth Amendment?What is ineffective assistance of counsel?What is a bail bondsman?What is a statute of repose?When did the law allow interracial marriages?Do blue collar workers who have great expertise in their respective jobs fall under the professional overtime exemption under FLSA?Would a negative performance evaluation constitute an adverse employment action?What were the Federalist Papers and what was their importance?What must a consumer do before filing bankruptcy?Are all state high courts called supreme courts?How precarious was the Great Compromise and its ultimate success?LEGISLATIVE BRANCHHow are state court systems established?What type of law creates a Tenth Amendment issue?What is the speaker of the House?What different types of child custody are there?In what states was the ratification debate most intense and close?Can a court require parents to attend counseling sessions before awarding custody?Does my state also have anti-discrimination laws that protect me as an employee?What if you are charged with a crime and don't have enough money for an attorney?What did Alexander Hamilton have to say about judicial review?What does each side hope to accomplish with closing arguments?What is a grand jury?What happened in Garcetti v. Ceballos?Can parties who enter into a regular marriage change or convert that marriage into a covenant marriage?Does the status of a speaker affect First Amendment freedoms?How do courts determine custody for a child?EMPLOYMENTAMENDMENT XVI.Who was William Evarts?Is a party's retirement account considered marital or separate property?A famous celebrity endorsed a lawyer, but does that mean this is a superior lawyer?Which justices have served the longest in history?If the grand jury refuses to indict can the prosecutor re-file?What are some examples of disabilities under the ADA?Who was the most famous federal appeals court judge to never make it to the U.S. Supreme Court?What happens if both parties (plaintiff and defendant) are negligent?What is an arrest?Are adoption records private?What is the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act?What exactly does the U.S. Constitution do?Can employers really discriminate against employees for any reason?How much does a marriage license cost?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. Senate?What is an impartial jury?AMENDMENT XXVII.What is the right to counsel?What happens if a jury cannot reach a decision?Where do attorneys obtain proposed jury instructions?What is double jeopardy?What is a "reasonable accommodation" in the ADA?What does the employee receive in workers's compensation benefits?Who determines the percentages of fault of the parties?What does it take to become a lawyer?What is the concept of deep pockets?What are some common grounds for attorney discipline?What is disposable income?How are lawyers punished for misconduct?What is breach of warranty?Who were some of the leaders of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?What was the Virginia Plan?Do credit cards always have annual fees?Once a prosecutor offers a plea bargain can he or she renege on the deal?What is tort reform?When can a federal judge become a senior judge?Are there limitations on the amount of attorney's fees?What can disqualify a person from sitting for a bar exam?Can an injury in a sports contest constitute a battery?Are there constitutional limitations to bail?Must government officials always obtain a warrant before conducting a search or a seizure?What if an employer offers lifetime or permanent employment? Does the employment-at-will doctrine still apply?What does the law say about limiting marriages between family members?What are jury consultants?CREDIT AND BANKRUPTCY LAWWhat happens in the closing argument phase?What is a credit report?Does the EEOC's finding of no discrimination prevent a subsequent court proceeding?What is a citation for a judicial opinion?AMENDMENT IX.What is a "frolic and detour"?Can young people—even those under 40—sue for age discrimination under state laws?What happened in New York Times Co. v. Sullivan?Do trial juries have to be composed of 12 jurors?How can a marriage be annulled?What is the difference between a secured and unsecured creditor?What is defamation?What is the Lily Ledbetter Act?What state passed a law that repealed the employment at-will doctrine?What are some examples of frivolous lawsuits?What do various state constitutions or statutes say about same-sex marriages?Can a defendant waive a preliminary hearing?Why do some consider the judicial branch the least powerful branch of government?What was circuit duty?What is a tort?PERSONAL INJURY LAWDo computer programmers and computer system analysts qualify as professionals and exempt from FLSA's overtime provisions?Is a marriage in a foreign country recognized as valid in the United States?What types of problems cause product liability actions?What is negligence per se?Is there a set time for closing arguments?How can you protect yourself from identity thieves?Does a biological father have the right to notification that his child may be placed for adoption by the child's mother?Are public defenders good lawyers?Can parties of the same sex marry?What state has the highest minimum wage law?Where did the U.S. Supreme Court first meet?Where are judicial opinions located?What does freedom of religion mean?Does the defendant have to physically appear before a judge at the initial appearance and the arraignment?What is the right to a speedy trial?Can you explain the elements of a lower court citation?Can your employer require you to take a drug test?What if you test positive for drugs, but you really believe that the test was wrong? Is there any recourse?Does it matter if a person has prior convictions?What was the leading framer James Madison's opinion of judicial review?DIVORCE Can consumers view their credit scores?Are divorces no-fault or fault-based?Is the death penalty considered cruel and unusual?What happened with the Chase impeachment proceedings?How does the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA) help consumers fight identity theft?What happens after a plaintiff files a complaint and a defendant files the answer?APPEALSWho appoints an attorney for a criminal defendant?Must school officials have probable cause before searching a student in a public school?Do private attorneys take cases pro bono?Does the Constitution specify the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices?What is the document called that starts a lawsuit?What are some commonly alleged errors in criminal trials?What are home equity loans?What is obscenity?What is professional negligence?PROFESSIONAL NEGLIGENCE Does school prayer violate the Establishment Clause?Are punching and kicking the only acts that are regarded as battery?What happens once an employee files a charge of discrimination?For what other reasons can an employee take FMLA leave?What was the McDonnell Douglas case about?HISTORY OF THE CONSTITUTIONHow long does negative information stay on my credit report?What is tested on the bar exam?How can you build good credit?AMENDMENT XXII.Where does the word "tort" come from?What is a foreign adoption?Who was Dollree Mapp?What states have laws that prohibit discrimination against employees (public and private) because of sexual orientation?AMENDMENT II.Has there been recent movement in Congress to change the circuit court structure?Can your employer read your email at work?If a supervisor commented on an employee's physical anatomy a few times and made several sexual jokes in her presence, is that sexual harassment?What was the McDonald's hot coffee case?What rights does the Ninth Amendment protect?In what decision did the Court extend the exclusionary rule requirement to the states?What are the lawyer ratings provided for by Martindale-Hubbell?AMENDMENT I.How can people be married?How do criminal trials proceed?Do all states recognize the different sub-torts of invasion of privacy?How much legal information is available online now?Can attorneys advertise in any way they want?What if the press reports on the sex life of a famous politician? Is that invasion of privacy?The ADA mentions a "qualified individual with a disability." What is such a "qualified individual"?Can a credit report include bankruptcies, lawsuits, and arrests?Do some lawyers work on retainer?What do we mean by an annotated code?If an employee presents a prima facie (or basic) case of discrimination, what must the employer show?Who was Miranda in the famous case?What are the common tools of discovery?What are possible disadvantages of plea bargaining?PRE-MARITAL AGREEMENTS What are closing arguments?Do prior bankruptcy filings affect eligibility to file other bankruptcy petitions?What are payday loans?When did Congress create the circuit courts in their present form?What are exempt assets?What happens if a person refuses to pay child support?What are the different types of alimony?What eligibility requirements are there for Chapter 13?What freedoms does the First Amendment protect?Are there exemptions under state laws?What factors determine whether you will receive credit?Are there differences between irreconcilable differences and other grounds for divorce?What is an information?Can a judge appoint attorneys to represent someone?Can a parent with custody move out of state with a child without permission of the other parent?What is a variable rate?What does the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution say?When does speech cross the line into unprotected incitement?How many women have served as Supreme Court justices?What are the categories of Congress' powers in regulating interstate commerce?Are employment discrimination awards taxable?Under the McDonnell Douglas framework, how does an employee establish a prima facie case of discrimination?Why are jury instructions important?Do birth parents always have to consent to an adoption?How does a court determine if someone's Fourth Amendment rights have been violated?What types of cases are examples of tort cases?The Constitution of the United StatesCan you find out if a lawyer has faced discipline?Why would it be fair to impose strict liability on the manufacturer of a product?What are "irreconcilable differences"?What type of jurisdiction does the U.S. Supreme Court have?What did James Madison say in his speech to Congress on June 1789, when he argued for the Bill of Rights?What were the professions of the Founders?What exactly does the ADA prohibit?What are the benefits of plea bargaining?Explanation of Case and Statute CitationsFAMILY LAWWho was the principal author of the Judiciary Act of 1789?Can the president veto only a portion of a law after it is passed by Congress?What opinions have precedential value?AMENDMENT XXI.Who was the defendant in Gideon v. Wainwright?PRODUCTS LIABILITY What is negligence and what are the elements of a negligence claim?What can people do when they feel their lawyers have been unethical or unprofessional?What is the "taxicab exemption"?How many bar exams are there?What is an example of attorney malpractice?What exactly does "beyond a reasonable doubt" mean?What is the means test?AT-WILL EMPLOYMENTWhat was the case of Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Company concerning proximate causation?Can a juvenile defendant receive the death penalty or life in prison without the possibility of parole?What types of consumers must file for Chapter 13?What is an example of an employer policy that would be considered disparate impact?Does the race of the parent or child have a legitimate role in custody determinations?Which states still do have contributory negligence?After the prosecution finishes its case, can the defense immediately file for dismissal?Who was primarily responsible for proposing the Bill of Rights?What if some unexpected event causes damage to a plaintiff after a defendant's negligent act?How does a court determine whether property is marital/community property or separate property?What is a reverse mortgage?Does the ADA prohibit disability-based harassment in the workplace?KEY CONCEPTS AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONSTITUTIONWhat tort protects a person from being photographed in the bathroom?What is an example of the double jeopardy clause prohibiting multiple punishments for the same offense?What is vicarious liability?What is a post-conviction proceeding?Why is judicial review celebrated and criticized in the democracy?Why are punitive damage awards considered controversial?Are contingency fees available for all types of cases?Is there a difference between mandatory authority and persuasive authority?What are some examples of intentional torts?
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