Target Population

The target population is the possible respondents that may meet the selected set of criteria. All the students on the university campus were the entire set of units for which the findings of the research had been generalized. Three levels of students were studying on the campus at the time of data collection, i.e., foundation level, undergraduate level, and postgraduate level. Equal opportunity to become a participant was provided to all the students who met the inclusion criteria.

Inclusion Criteria

This was the basic set of criteria that must be fulfilled by the student to become a participant in the experiment. It included:

  • • Participant must be a student in Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
  • • Participant should be between 18 and 30 years of age
  • • Participant must be physically and mentally healthy
  • • Participant should be available on the campus
  • • Participant should not have background knowledge in biology

Exclusion Criteria

The exclusion criteria were the requirements that were used for the exclusion of participant from this study. The participants were excluded in this study when they:

  • • Failed to provide written consent
  • • Failed to meet the requirements asked in the screening questionnaire
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