This section provides a list of some of the papers that have utilized the data acquired from the experiment described in this chapter. The following paper should be cited when using the experiment design or the data provided with this chapter.

1. Bashiri M, Mumtaz W, Malik AS, Waqar K. EEG-based brain connectivity analysis of working memory and attention. Paper presented at: 2015 IEEE Student Symposium in Biomedical Engineering & Sciences (ISSBES); 2015.


This chapter provides the details of the experiment design available in the papers mentioned in Section 14.6 and in the FYP report of Mohammad Bashiri, which is available at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.


  • 1. Baddeley A. Working memory: looking back and looking forward. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003;4(10):829-839.
  • 2. Amin HU, Malik AS. Memory retention and recall process. In: Kamel N, Malik AS, eds. EEG/ERP Analysis: Methods and Applications. London: CRC Press; 2014:219-237.
  • 3. Amin H, Malik AS. Human memory retention and recall processes: a review of EEG and fMRI studies. Neurosciences. 2013;18(4):330-344.
  • 4. Baddeley AD, Hitch G. Working memory. Psychol Learn Motiv. 1974;8:47-89.
  • 5. Amin HU, Malik AS, Badruddin N, Chooi W-T. Brain activation during cognitive tasks: An overview of EEG and fMRI studies. Paper presented at: Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES), 2012 IEEE EMBS Conference; Malaysia; 2012.
  • 6. Ahmad RF, Malik AS, Kamel N, Reza F, Abdullah JM. Simultaneous EEG-fMRI for working memory of the human brain. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2016:1-16.
  • 7. Engle RW Working memory capacity as executive attention. Curr Direct Psychol Sci. 2002;11(1):19-23.
  • 8. Awh E, Vogel E, Oh S-H. Interactions between attention and working memory.

Neuroscience. 2006;139(1):201-208.

  • 9. Engle RW, Kane MJ, Tuholski SW. Individual differences in working memory capacity and what they tell us about controlled attention, general fluid intelligence, and functions of the prefrontal cortex; 1999.
  • 10. Vogel EK, Machizawa MG. Neural activity predicts individual differences in visual working memory capacity. Nature. 2004;428(6984):748-751.
  • 11. Barrett LF, Tugade MM, Engle RW. Individual differences in working memory capacity and dual-process theories of the mind. Psychol Bull. 2004;130(4):553.
  • 12. Jaeggi SM, Buschkuehl M, Jonides J, Perrig WJ. Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2008;105(19):6829-6833.
  • 13. Chooi W-T, Thompson LA. Working memory training does not improve intelligence in healthy young adults. Intelligence. 2012;40(6):531-542.
  • 14. Melby-Lervag M, Hulme C. Is working memory training effective? A meta-analytic review. Dev Psychol. 2013;49(2):270.

15. Cao H, Plichta MM, Schafer A, et al. Test-retest reliability of fMRI-based graph theoretical properties during working memory, emotion processing, and resting state.

Neuroimage. 2014;84(0):888-900.

  • 16. Amin H, Malik A, Badruddin N, Chooi W-T. Brain behavior in learning and memory recall process: a high-resolution EEG analysis. In: Goh J, editor. The 15th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering,Vol 43. NewYork: Springer International Publishing; 2014:683-686.
  • 17. Kadam P, Bhalerao S. Sample size calculation. Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010;1(1):55.
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