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1. The Education Law states that education can be provided at home until Grade 4.


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European Commission (2013c), “Exchange of good practices on gender equality: Comments paper - Latvia”, Parenting in France, 5-6 November 2013, France, files/exchange_of_good_practice_fr/lv_comments_paper_fr2013_en.pdf.

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Heckman, J.J. and D.V. Masterov (2007), “The productivity argument for investing in young children”, Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 29/3, pp. 446-493.

Her Majesty’s Inspectorate for Education (2007), The Child at the Centre: Self-Evaluation in the Early Years, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate for Education, Livingston, TheChildattheCentreSelfevaluationintheEarlyYears_tcm4-684267.pdf.

Huntsman, L. (2008), Determinants of Quality in Child Care: A Review of the Research Evidence, Centre for Parenting & Research, Ashfield, NSW.

Ivanovs, M. (2013), “Child care support and child-minders service in Latvia: Social context, target groups, financial support and legal framework”, Unpublished paper presented at the Ministry of Welfare on 20 September 2013.

Kasa, R., K. Liepina and A. Tuna (2012), Funding and Governance of Education for Children with Special Needs in Latvia: Focus on Equity, Efficiency, and Effectiveness, Centre for Education initiatives latvia, Education-for-Children-with-Special-Needs-in-Latvia-Focus-on-Equity- Efficiency-and-Effectiveness%E2%80%93petijums-iiC-2013.pdf.

Kostelnik, M.J., A.K. Soderman, and A.P. Whiren (2011), Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum: Best Practices in Early Childhood Education, 4th Edition, Pearson, upper Saddle River, NJ.

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litjens, i., A. diMattia and M. Viatte (2010), Revised Literature Review for the 7th Meeting of the Network on Early Childhood Education and Care, EDu/EDPC/ECEC(2010)3/REV1, directorate for Education, oECD, EDPC/ECEC(2010)3/REV1&docLanguage=En.

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Matthews, P. et al. (2008), Policy Measures Implemented in the First Cycle of Compulsory Education in Portugal (International Evaluation), Ministry of Education, lisbon,

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Mitchell, L. and P. Cubey (2003), Characteristics of Professional Development Linked to Enhanced Pedagogy and Children’s Learning in Early Childhood Settings: A Best Evidence Synthesis, New Zealand Ministry of Education, Wellington.

MoES (2015), “Country background report Latvia”, unpublished, Ministry of Education and Science, Riga.

MoES (2014), Education Development Guidelines 2014-2020, Ministry of Education and Science, Riga,

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national College for Teaching and leadership (2013), Teachers’ Standards (Early Years), national College for Teaching and leadership, www. 211646/Early_Years_Teachers Standards.pdf.

Nimante, D. and S. Tubele (2010), “Key challenges for Latvian teachers in mainstream schools: A basis for preparing teachers for inclusion”, Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, Vol. 10/issue Supplement s1, pp. 168-176.

Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research (2015), Background Report from Norway 2014: OECD - Thematic Review of Early Childhood Education and Care Policy 2014, Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, oslo.

oECD (2015a), OECD Economic Surveys: Latvia 2015, oECD Publishing, Paris,

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