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Notes

  • 1. The EU21 average is calculated as the unweighted mean of the data values of the 21 countries that are members of both the European Union and the oeCD for which data are available or can be estimated. These 21 countries are Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, ireland, italy, luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
  • 2. Authentic learning refers to a wide variety of educational and instructional techniques focused on connecting what students are taught in school to real-world issues, problems, and applications (Great Schools Partnership, 2013). it typically focuses on real-world, complex problems and their solutions, using role-playing exercises, problem-based activities, case studies and participation in virtual communities of practice (lombardi, 2007).

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