Internationalisation of academic staff
Economies cannot effectively participate in global markets if their universities remain national. The internationalisation of universities has therefore become a deliberate policy in countries all over the world. The obvious result of these changes include not just the growing mobility of students, but also of academic staff (oECD, 2009; Knight, 2004; Svetlika and Lalic, 2014). The Law on Institutions of Higher Education requires that at least 5% of staff should be international professors, associate professors or lecturers. According to MoES, in 2013/14 an average of 4.8% of academic staff were in this group (MoES, 2014c). The government aims to increase this proportion and has set a target of 5% for 2017 and 7% for 2020 (MoES, 2014a). Plans also call for increases in opportunities for international professional development and exchanges for academic staff at latvian institutions.
language policies currently require that foreign academic staff (excluding visiting lecturers or professors) develop proficiency in latvian and limit instruction in other Eu languages. A regulation has been introduced to increase the use of Eu and other languages at public tertiary education institutions. To attract academic staff from abroad (EU and non-EU countries), the intent is to amend regulations to enable and increase the use of Eu and other languages at public tertiary education institutions, ease requirements concerning latvian language competence, and simplify visa and residence permit procedures.