DAC Guidelines and Reference Series : Orientations and Principles for Development.

Strategic orientationsUnderstand the contextLook at accountability systems as a wholeDecide where to focus supportEnsure balanced support that works with the links in the systemManage risk and achieve resultsConclusionI Orientations on development co-operation, accountability and democratic governanceThe role of accountability in promoting good governanceWhat is the role of development co-operation in domestic accountability?Common themesNotesReferencesConsidering the political dimension, getting traction and achieving resultsInstruments and approaches to support domestic accountability: What can be improved?The gap between theory and realityThe need to understand the local political economyWhat prevents action based on political economy analysis?Imposing “best practices” on developing country contextsReferencesTaking a systems-wide approach to accountability in developing countriesTowards a systems-wide approachImplications of systems-wide approaches for policy and practiceIdentify the core accountability problem or function and the wider political economyUnderstand the linkages between formal and informal institutionsBuild linkages and relationships across accountability actors and institutionsAssess and identify promising leverage opportunities and weak linksReferencesEnsuring development co-operation helps rather than hinders accountabilityHow to avoid skewing accountability in developing countries?The links between aid and taxation in strengthening citizen-state relationsEnsuring effective aid deliveryGreater donor transparency and co-ordinationAid instruments that support the scope for domestic accountabilitySpecial aid delivery arrangements that improve donor co-ordinationManaging risk and achieving resultsNoteReferencesConclusions and strategic orientations to improve support to accountabilityBase support on realism and a political economy analysisTake a systems approach to programme designMonitor and evaluate risks and resultsII Principles for assistance to accountability actors and institutions: Elections, political parties, the media, parliament and revenue mattersIntroduction to principles for assistance to accountabilityPrinciples for international electoral assistancePrinciples for international electoral assistanceDraft action plan for further elaborating the principlesPrinciples for political party assistanceRoles of political parties in democracy and developmentCommon shortcomings of political partiesThe party aid domain Initial phaseNew phaseEvaluationResultsSpecial challengesPrinciples for political party assistanceThe value and place of political party assistanceOperational issuesMonitoring and evaluationReferencePrinciples for media assistanceMedia and accountability in the democratic public sphereThe media, domestic accountability, and the role of development assistanceEvidencePolitics and corruptionService deliveryPolitical participationChallengesLack of systematic evidenceLack of institutional support structuresKeeping pace with a shifting media landscapeStrategic principles for media assistanceNotesReferencesPrinciples for parliamentary assistanceParliaments and domestic accountabilityTraditional international assistance to parliamentsThe next phase of support to parliamentsPrinciples for parliamentary assistanceReferencesPrinciples for supporting developing countries in revenue mattersThe principles for international engagement in revenue mattersNoteReferences
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