Decide where to focus support
Start with the core accountability problem to be addressed, then work back from it to the wider network of relevant actors and institutions. This reveals the stakeholders with whom to work, and means working with what is already in place, rather than supporting formal institutions which may not have adequate standing or influence. Develop creative approaches for supporting appropriate, “local” solutions.
Ensure balanced support that works with the links in the system
Working with wider accountability networks represents a significant shift for the development assistance community. Support broad-based alliances, where appropriate, which bring together a range of actors with common interests in reform. Provide support in ways that foster co-ordination and collaboration within specific communities. Carefully assess the causal factors and essential linkages that support reform. Clearly identify intra-dependencies and feedback loops among accountability actors that could be supported in the design phase.