Labor Intermediation Services in Developing Economies: Adapting Employment Services for a Global Age

Jobs and Job Search in Developing Countries: Nice Work if You Can Get it!Searching for Jobs in Developing CountriesLimited to Non-existent Open Job Listings“Friends and Family”: The Dominant Job Search Method in Developing Countries: ... Works Well Only with the Right Friends and FamilyJob Seekers in Developing Countries: The Hidden, the Discouraged, and the MobileThe Un, Under and Poorly EmployedThe Discouraged, the Idle: Neither Working, Studying, Training Nor Searching for WorkThe Mobile: Economic MigrantsThe Bigger Job Context: The Low Job Quality, Skills Mismatch, Low Productivity, Low Job Creation VortexSupply Mismatches: Worker Skills/Qualifications versus What Employers NeedDemand Constraints: Lousy Work ... If You Can Get ItRethinking Job Search Intermediation with a Jobs ProblemNotesEmployment and Labor Intermediation Services: What Are They and What Are They Good For?Employment Services: Their Record, and Their Economic and Social RationalesEmployment Services: The Core ServicesWho Provides These Services?Extended Services: Growing into Labor Intermediation Services“Intermediation Plus” Extended ServicesInformation and Program Administration ServicesWhat They Can and Cannot Do: An Active Labor Market and Social Policy Reality CheckBuilding from Core to Labor Intermediation Services in StagesNotesStage 1: Building Core Employment ServicesDelivering Core Services in a Global AgeBeginning with a Private Sector Strategy#1 Strategy: Institutional#2 Sector-Based Strategies#3 Starting Specialized with Target Populations: YouthOperations/Mechanics for Stage OneInitial Operational/Locational Set-UpBuilding Competent Human Resources and a Depoliticized FoundationLegal/Regulatory ObstaclesPerformance and Monitoring IndicatorsDrawing on International Technical SupportTraining Programs Building to Stage 1The Tech Revolution: What Stage 1 Role?Mobile Units/Rural AdaptationsStart in Employment Crisis ModeMoving Onto Stage 2NotesStage 2: From Employment to Labor Intermediation ServicesStarting in or Growing into Stage 2Building to a Labor Intermediation Service: Creating and Linking New ServicesType 1: Information ServicesLabor Market Information Observatories and Employment Portals (Type 1)Training, Microenterprise and Higher Education Information Systems (Type 1)Type 2: Services and Programs to Support EmploymentTraining and Other Active Labor Market Programs (Type 2)Programs for Disadvantaged Groups: Special Considerations (Type 2)Migration Support Programs (Type 2)Microenterprise/Entrepreneurship (Type 2)Placement/Human Resources Services for Employers (Type 2)Type 3: Program Administration and Support Services ReferralLabor Market Program Administration/Unemployment Support (Type 3)Social Service Gateway and Referral (Type 3)Building a Better Service: Advancing Coverage and Efficiency Through Management Restructuring, Case Management, Monitoring and EvaluationManagement Platform for Expansion and Better PerformanceCase Management and Professionalization of Job CounselorsSingle Window and Co-locationImproving Monitoring and EvaluationTowards a National Intermediation “System”: Creating Jobs Inc.Varied Models of National Intermediation Services in Even More Varied National Intermediation MarketsAdvancing Self-Service: Market-Driven Intermediation via TechnologyAdvancing Accountable Schools and Training InstitutionsHuman Resources Development as a Career: Fostering Networks, Societies, EducationFocusing on Growing Sectors/Jobs Strategies.... Towards Stage 3?NotesA Stage 3? Labor Intermediation and the New Jobs Agenda for DevelopmentDiverse Jobs Challenges Mean Diverse Jobs StrategiesIntermediation ServicesIntegrating and Rethinking Labor Intermediation Services: Left, Right and CenterIntegration from the Center (Workforce Development/Education/ Training/Skills)Integration from Left (Social Services/Labor)Integration from the Right (Economic Development/Strategic Sectors)More Job Change, More Often with More Skill Content: The Future of Labor IntermediationMore Rapid Job Change with More Transitions/Greater Range of ClientsLabor Mobility and MigrationAdvancing Skill Content of All WorkIntermediation on a More Dynamic, Global StageNotesBibliography
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