Training, Microenterprise and Higher Education Information Systems (Type 1)
Another type of information system catalogues employment-related programs - describing available programs, costs, time frame and, with luck, information on success rates. Program information databases are typically separated by type; this could include available local programs by training field, types and availability of microenterprise support programs, as well as, for higher education, program, graduation and employment rates. Information databases on programs are, admittedly, more frequently compiled in the advanced countries, and, in higher education, maintained more on a voluntary basis by universities or university associations themselves.
For labor intermediation services, systematic databases of available training programs by field and microenterprise programs are particularly important as a service moves to serve individual clients on a case management basis (see next Type 2 service). Developing countries in particular often find themselves with a web of uncoordinated interventions with different donor-financing sources, particularly for the poor or disadvantaged groups. Donors make various attempts to create inventories of programs, but there is rarely a central information database regularly updated. With such databases, labor intermediation services can also market themselves as a provider for screening, profiling and referring candidates to employment-related programs (see human resource services).