A first assessment of the gaps in the legal and institutional framework for preventing corruption:
This report examines the legal and institutional anti-corruption framework to provide an initial assessment of the measures that need to be developed by the government. In addition, it presents the best practices from OECD and MENA countries in the implementation of anti-corruption policies.
The objective of this report is two-fold. It seeks, on the one hand, to provide an overall assessment of the current state of corruption prevention in post-revolutionary Tunisia, in the first trimester of 2012. It aims, on the other, at directing the attention of the Tunisian authorities towards the experiences, lessons, best practices, and most relevant resources related to the key issues they must face.
This report is based on interviews with representatives from Tunisian public institutions, civil society and the private sector that were conducted during two field missions from December 12-17, 2011 and from February 15-17, 2012, as well on the conclusions of the international conference on “Strengthening the Integrity Framework and Preventing Corruption,” which took place in Tunis on February 13-14, 2012. Analyses and additional data were also provided by Neila Chaabane from the National Commission for Investigating Cases of Corruption and Embezzlement, and by Hadj Aissa, Professor at the National School of Administration of Tunisia.
This study constitutes an introduction to the key issues related to corruption and the fight against corruption in Tunisia in 2012. It provides an overview of the primary questions that need to be addressed. More comprehensive assessments will of course need to be made on each of the specific areas (or sub-areas) mentioned in this report. This report should thus be considered as a first step, rather than as a definitive study of the subject.
This report mostly focuses on the framework for preventing corruption, even if it will also deal briefly with matters related to repression and law enforcement, which, because of their capacity to guarantee there is no longer impunity even for top government officials, are vital to the establishment of an integrity framework. As public procurement constitutes one of the areas most vulnerable to corruption, the second part of this report will examine measures to be adopted to improve transparency and integrity in the Tunisian public procurement system.