Some Aspects of General Election 2015: Results

The three most striking results of the 2015 general election in the UK were the gains made by the SNP and UKIP and the losses made by the Liberal Democrats. In Scotland, Labour’s share of the popular vote fell from 40 % (2010) to just over 24 %, and the party lost all but one of its Scotland seats—thus losing 41 seats. The SNP won 50 % of the popular vote and all but three of the 59 seats, with the Liberal Democrats also losing 10 of its former 11 seats. Second, UKIP, having gained 3.1 % of the popular vote in 2010, won 12.6 % of the popular vote in 2015, but only one seat. They won almost four million votes, mostly in England and Wales, and their vote share was much larger than that of the Liberal Democrats (7.9 %), who won eight seats. The influence of UKIP on the election was in the effect it had in marginal seats. Meanwhile, support for the Liberal Democrats plummeted following their coalition with the Conservatives, and they lost 48 of their former 56 seats. Support for the two main parties hardly changed, with Labour improving by 1.5 % of the popular vote and the Conservatives by 0.8 %, so that the two main parties won 67.3 % of the popular vote. Thus one third of those who did vote supported some other party than the main two, and a third of the electorate did not vote at all (turnout was 66 %).

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