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A short course of lectures
«The handy geography answer book»

What is one of the only countries in the world to provide constitutional protection to gays, lesbians, and bisexuals?Where is the Horn of Africa?How did trains help establish time zones?PEOPLE AND CULTUREVanuatuWhat are the four climatic regions of the Andes?Why do mosques have domes?South KoreaWhat is a bullet train?CameroonHow many automobiles are there in the United States?How big is Russia?How did irredentism help start World War II?What are the Alps?MicronesiaCan you stand an egg on end only on the spring equinox?What time is it at the North and South Poles?Why do people travel to Mecca?GLACIERS AND FJORDS ROADS AND RAILWAYS CHINA AND MIDDLE ASIA What is in the Taj Mahal?Where is the French Riviera?How long is a day?Which countries have the fewest neighbors?HISTORY What was apartheid?Where is the farthest point from an ocean?What is the largest landlocked country in the world?What are some of the world's most active volcanoes, in terms of numbers of years of eruptions?What is air pollution?DEALING WITH HAZARDS How did the Nazis use geopolitics?What are the five largest states?THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTJamaicaWEATHER Where does Asia end and Europe begin?Are mega-urban area populations growing?What are the most commonly spoken languages of the world?What does the word "geography" mean?Does India have a population control program similar to China's?AUSTRALIA How fast does the Earth spin?AngolaWhat is the Middle East in the middle of?MongoliaPEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES Where does cocaine come from?What is the longest building in the world?Republic of the CongoWho decides which names go on maps?Who was Alexander von Humboldt?What is the largest office building in the world?Which country has the lowest maximum elevation in the world?What is continentality?What type of calendar did the French use between 1793 and 1806?HISTORYWhy is it hotter in the city than in the countryside?What are some of the oldest, continuously inhabited cities in the world and when were they established?What is the oldest European settlement in eastern Asia?Why was computing longitude so difficult?What is the Giro d'Italia?What were the seven wonders of the ancient world?What are the largest cities of Europe?United StatesWhere is the Putrid Sea?What is tundra?How thick is Greenland's ice sheet?Do all roads really lead to Rome?What was the Potsdam Conference?Which continent has the highest average elevation?What part of Southeast Asia is one of the most contested geographic regions in the world?Should we use candles after a disaster or power outage?IndiaWhat is the difference between an ocean and a sea?How does the hydrologic cycle work?How did the United States reach its present form?Who disguised himself as a Muslim to travel to Mecca?How many people are killed in the United States by lightning?What is the greenhouse effect?Who are the Kurds?What nationalities were the 9/11 terrorists?What is the Royal Flying Doctor Service?Where is the world's largest church?DEFINITIONS THE EARTHRUSSIA AND EASTERN EUROPEWhat is inside the Earth?Where is the world's tallest waterfall?How were animals first domesticated?Why do some cultures kill infants?What is the best shape for a country?Which place in South America is part of the European Union?What is the world's southernmost city?How many desalination plants are there?CONFLICTS AND NATIONS How did North and South Korea come to be?Who was the first European to reach North America?Where did Charles Darwin develop his theory of natural selection?Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesWhat is the highest waterfall in the world?THE LAND AND HISTORY How many African countries are landlocked?How much junk is there in space?TRANSPORTATION AND URBAN GEOGRAPHYWhat is the world's shortest river?What is the primary religion throughout Latin America?What is the largest city in the Amazon River basin?What is the Strait of Magellan?SomaliaPakistanIs it safe to stand in a doorway during an earthquake?What is Southeast Asia's largest oil-producing country?When was the Gregorian calendar adopted in the United States?What is Randstad?Who is Alberto Fujimori and what has he done for Peru?What is the northernmost landmass in the world?Who was one of the great African American explorers?What are the Baltic States?What did the phrase "fifty-four forty or fight" mean?How many volcanoes does Iceland have?When did people start eating with forks and spoons?Which countries are surrounded entirely by landlocked countries?What is the name of the currency of Botswana?What is the capital of Australia?Why did Macedonia's name cause problems between that country and Greece?Who discovered the source of the Nile River?What is the highest lake in North America?What top five countries will have the largest populations in 2050?Where is Ouagadougou?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES What percentage of American households regularly give to charitable organizations?How do CFCs destroy ozone?Where is the southernmost glacier in Europe?What is the highest mountain on Earth?Who was Prester John?How, why, and how much does Magnetic North move?UzbekistanWhat is a willy-willy?BrazilHow many times have North and South Korea met to negotiate a solution to the division of Korea in Panmunjom?What catastrophe happened in North Korea in 1995?NamibiaMoldovaWhat caused the great Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 2004?Was Australia really used as a penal colony?Why are graves above the ground in Louisiana?How can I remember which way latitude and longitude run?SenegalWhat is a 100-year flood?HISTORY What is a sundial?How fast do you have to travel west to arrive earlier than when you left?What is the Richter scale?BeninBulgariaWhat are the seven natural wonders of the world?Where has one-third of the population of Suriname emigrated to since 1975?When was the compass invented?Which religions began in the Middle East?What did the Mason-Dixon line originally divide?What is the largest airport in the world?What is a tree line?Do all countries have states?Was the 2005 New Orleans disaster caused by a flood or a hurricane?Who was Haile Selassie?What percentage of Americans have used cocaine?In which direction does the west wind blow?How many religions have holy sites in Jerusalem?Where is the Rock of Gibraltar?How many lesbian and gay people are there in the world?AndorraHow many airports are there in the United States?VOLCANOES What are the solstices?PEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES Where did Gauguin live?ArgentinaSan MarinoWhat are ice ages?PeruLibyaWho provides food to North Korea today?How fast do hurricane winds blow?How many republics or states comprised the former Soviet Union?MauritaniaComorosWhat city is known as the Earthquake City?GREENLAND AND THE NORTH POLE REGIONUgandaWhat does a canal lock do?How many official languages are there in South Africa?BarbadosWhat is the oldest map using the word America?OTHER HAZARDS AND DISASTERS Which advanced industrial democracy ranks last in giving foreign aid as calculated as a percentage of its GNP?What is the highest point east of the Mississippi?What is the difference between GNP and GDP?What was the Byzantine Empire?The PhilippinesWhat was the Ottoman Empire?When were the first roads built?What is a UNESCO World Heritage Site?When was the most territory added to the United States at one time?What is a desert?MauritiusWhich countries are not members of the United Nations?What major American city loses more people than any other?What are the deepest points in the oceans?How large a part of the Soviet Union was Russia?How much rain does it take to make a flood?What is the largest freshwater lake in the world?What is the difference between magma and lava?Where does the Tour de France begin and end?What is the busiest airport in the world?MexicoWhat is a turnpike?What makes a piece of paper a map?How does the United Nations preserve peace?What is the tallest self-supporting structure in the world?Does air pressure change with elevation?What is a water clock?Where on the planet is it light 24 hours a day in the summer?Sâo Tomé and PrincipeWho decides where houses can be built?CALENDARS How are waves created?Are there tornadoes in Europe?How fast is the Russian economy expanding?What is a rain shadow?SwedenWhat are the largest and smallest counties in the United States?What is a cartel?LANDSCAPES AND ECOSYSTEMS Did everyone during Christopher Columbus's time think that the world was flat?Who owns Antarctica?Is Greenland really green?LIGHTNINGKEEPING TIMEWhat playwright and author became president of an Eastern European country?What is the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?What is the highest fjord in Norway?Where was Checkpoint Charlie?Why is every map distorted?What are recycled rocks?SeychellesWhich country produces the most gold?What is the world's largest island?Why are road maps so difficult to fold?Which 10 countries have the most people?What has the world's population been over time?What were some of the most destructive tornadoes in U.S. history?What is the Three Gorges Dam?What is a Near Earth Object (NEO)?What is the world's highest capital city?How does a sextant help navigators?Why isn't Tibet on the map?Why does Bangladesh flood so often?EUROPE AND ASIA How can I obtain a flood map of my community?Is global warming melting the North Pole?How has GIS revolutionized cartography?What are the Balkan States?How do people cope with continual light or darkness in high latitudes?What is the world's most commonly spoken language?What road in the United States was known as the National Road?How does India's caste system work?Is the Empty Quarter empty?MODERN MAPPING What is the highest settlement in the United States?Are there still glaciers in the United States?Is there a high risk of earthquakes in the Midwestern United States?What language is spoken in the Maldives?DEFINITIONS AND HISTORY Where is Catalonia?Is the Middle East a desert?SudanWhen did the United States control the Philippines?Where did the Inca civilization develop?MonacoIs Equatorial Guinea on the equator?Which river carries more water than any other in the world?Why is it very wet on one side of a mountain range?READING AND USING MAPS Where was the first shopping mall in the United States?Why was the Prime Meridian established at Greenwich?Has NAFTA helped trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States?How can a gazetteer help me find latitude and longitude?Saint Kitts and NevisHow did America get its name?New ZealandHow much has the magnetic north pole moved?Where are the four colored seas: Black, Yellow, Red, and White?How long are the Rockies?How many McDonald's restaurants are there in the world?What port does landlocked Bolivia use?What other countries have border disputes?What are the northernmost, southernmost, easternmost, and westernmost cities in the United States?Who was the first person to reach the South Pole?Why are the Blue Nile and White Nile Rivers both called Niles?What other countries have disputes over lines drawn on maps?Who are Kiwis?What are the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn?What is a megalopolis?CANADA How much water is in snow?RomaniaWhat is Iceland's leading export?Where is Acadiana?What was East Timor?What are the highest points on each continent?What is an archipelago?Which explorer was named the Grand Imperial Eunuch by the Emperor of China?What is Zoroastrianism?What is the deepest lake in the United States?How many people visit the Caribbean each year?What is the Commonwealth?ASIAWhy do we have Daylight Saving Time?What is the Fujita scale of tornado intensity?AlbaniaBangladeshIs Mt. Everest growing taller?What is the best way to help after a disaster?What is a city?What is the green revolution?How wide is a degree of longitude?What is a moor?Where does it rain the least?What are the most polluted cities in the world in terms of air quality?How many people live on the planet?Is the Black Sea really black?How many taxi cab drivers are there in the United States?Of all the humans who have ever lived, what proportion of them are alive today?How much of the ozone layer is being depleted?Bosnia and HerzegovinaLatviaWhat is Bandar Seri Begawan?Is the Great Wall of China the only man-made object that can be seen from space?What have been some of the most destructive floods in history?Which country has the highest GDP?What's the difference between England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom?Has the Mediterranean Sea always been there?NEW ZEALANDWhat is a meander?BoliviaWhy has Afghanistan been contested and invaded so many times?MIDDLE EASTAIR TRANSPORTATIONWATER AND ICEWhat is the largest island in the United States?Why do some countries choose not to join the United Nations?Papua New GuineaHow many active volcanoes are there in the world?What commodity makes the Persian Gulf so strategically important?How did the Ukraine help feed the Soviet Union?NigerWhat is Oceania?SurinameNATO AND THE COLD WARHIGH, LOW, BIG, SMALL, AND WONDROUSWhat is the largest church building in the world?THE POLESSaint LuciaHow much pressure does the atmosphere exert upon us?How many countries named Congo are there?DEFINING THE WORLDWhich Southeast Asian country is one of the world's richest?What are the sources of air pollution?What is Truce Village?Trinidad and TobagoHow can a legend help me read a map?How many Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca each year?Can a woman have multiple husbands?How many Native American reservations are there in the United States?Are all Israelis Jewish?Where are the East and West Indies?How many businesses are started each year in the United States?Where is the northernmost rain forest?How much energy does one bolt of lightning contain?What were the Buddhas of Bamiyan?When was the first automobile built?Where is the Bible Belt?What is nuclear winter?How does Old Faithful shoot water into the air?How many time zones does China have?THE ATMOSPHERE Why are some borders curvy while others are straight?TongaWhat did the average European know about the world in the Middle Ages?What is a topographic map?Why is Cyprus divided?Which country has a flag of only a single color and no design or emblem?Which state has the highest divorce rate?Why can I hear an AM radio station from hundreds of miles away at night but not during the day?KyrgyzstanWho was Vancouver, Canada, named after?What should I do when a tornado approaches?How much is the sea level rising?How do sand dunes move?Is the Tasmanian devil a real animal?What is the Ring of Fire?Why is it more likely to rain in a city during the week than on the weekend?Whose body was preserved and then hand-carried for nine months to the coast of Africa?How much land disappears when the sea level rises?What is the only Catholic country in Asia?Where was the first commercial air flight?HungaryWhat were Lewis and Clark looking for?MacedoniaWhich country has the longest coast line?What is the difference between relative and absolute location?Where is Atlantis?What do minutes and seconds have to do with longitude and latitude?Where is the Maghreb?MaldivesHow salty is sea water?What is the longest river in the United States?What is subduction?URBAN STRUCTURES Where did Bombay go?What did James Cook not discover?What is the Bight of Bonny?ChinaBut what if I can't find the map I'm looking for?How many islands does Hawaii include?How does Hawaii protect itself from tsunamis?What is an urban area?How long is Chile?What was Babylonia?Which country has the most Azeri-speaking people?Are lines of longitude and latitude all the same length?Are there lots of mosquitoes on the Mosquito Coast?When was the first permanent British settlement established in the United States?Who was the greatest explorer of the Arab world?What are the principal industries in the Maldives?What were the earliest maps?How many refugees are there?GrenadaWhere is the center of the contiguous United States?What are the largest cities in the Middle East?TaiwanPRECIPITATION When were the first clocks made?How can I learn more about disasters in my town?Where is Timbuktu?Where did agriculture begin?What is a delta?How does Japan get its oil?What is the Oglala Aquifer?BurundiSwitzerlandWhat are the four main islands that make up Japan?How does the population of Tokyo change each day?How many Irish left during the Great Starvation?How do the people on the tiny islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean go shopping?What is the only state with a diamond mine?How many states are in Mexico?Do things really disappear in the Bermuda Triangle?Did Hitler create the Autobahn?Which country first granted women the right to vote?How much market share does Russia's national airline, Aeroflot, have?What is the lowest point in the world on land?CITIES AND COUNTIES What makes New Delhi so new?EARTHQUAKESHow many Native American tribes are there in the United States?MozambiqueWhat are the seven seas?How many African countries were colonized by Italy?CULTURES AROUND THE WORLD What percentage of the world's poor live in South America?How many African countries were independent in 1950?What are the British Isles?Which countries lead the world in child poverty?How can I find the latitude and longitude of a particular place?How thick is the Earth's crust?What is the difference between a watch and a warning?JordanChadWhat are the seven wonders of the modern world?Which South American territory has yet to gain its independence?Where is the world's largest marsh?Which religions came to be practiced first?Equatorial GuineaSierra LeoneWhat is the largest continent?NorwayWhat was the French Community?How far did the Islamic Empire spread?EthiopiaWhy did the sun never set on the British Empire?Where can I buy maps?When did Canada have a transcontinental railway?What waterfall has the largest flow of water?What is the Chunnel?What did Marco Polo note in his journals about the Chinese fleet, when he arrived in the thirteenth century?What is the effect of global warming and climate change on Earth?In the past, how many people were sold into slavery in the United States?What is a fossil?MAPSWhat are the westerlies?What is an oxbow lake?Where are the Windward Islands?Is the Earth a perfect sphere?How many provinces are in Canada?CONTINENTS AND ISLANDS What is a fault?What monetary unit is used in Panama?Where is tornado alley?Where is the Kalahari Desert?PEOPLE AND COUNTRIESCOUNTRIES OF THE WORLDHURRICANES What were some of the earliest colonies?What was the Maginot Line?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES Why is it important to have an out-of-state contact in case of a disaster?What is an epicenter?Where is the Bay of Pigs?What is a compass rose?What is the ozone layer?Does the Earth always rotate and revolve around the sun at the same speed?How cold is Siberia?What is a strait?Is Transylvania a country?How do cartographers shape our world?How long did Japan occupy and colonize Korea?What is the Organization of African Unity?NepâiMyanmarWhy does Greenland appear larger on most maps than it actually is?HAZARDS AND DISASTERSUnited Arab EmiratesWhy was there a Russian outpost in California?When and where was the last great impact on the Earth from a Near Earth Object?United KingdomHow did the United States obtain the Virgin Islands?How does medical geography help control the spread of diseases?How early were the islands of the Pacific explored?What is a floodplain?North KoreaWhat is the center of North America?How many tectonic plates are there?What time is it in Antarctica?What is a plaza?Which countries restrict Internet access to what is deemed unfavorable content by their governments?When did Daylight Saving Time move from the end to the beginning of April in the United States?SlovakiaWhat is the largest country in the world?Which is further west—Los Angeles, California, or Reno, Nevada?MadagascarWhat was the Trail of Tears?What did Genghis Khan conquer?LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE What was the Berlin Wall?Where is the longest fjord?If I dug through the Earth, would I end up in China?How much does an employee of a maquiladora earn?Where do the illegal immigrants come from?What language do people in Madagascar speak?How does the boiling point of water help determine altitude?Who are the Sherpa?Why does the ground sink?What was Pangea?How should we prepare for disaster?IndonesiaHow widespread was the influenza pandemic of 1918?What is Africa's largest lake?What is the National Geographic Society?What is a tropical rain forest?RussiaOZONEWho was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore?How does a city get chosen to host the Olympics?How can GIS help my town?Where is the world's largest mountain?Who is a peon?Where was the first self-service gas station?What is the Mercalli scale?How many really big earthquakes occur each year?How many tourists visit Russia each year?What are tornadoes?Do Caucasians come from the Caucasus Mountains?GabonWhat is a good way to learn where places are?DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME Where is the rustbelt?Where was East Pakistan?The BahamasHow much of Mexico's population lives in Mexico City?Which Middle Eastern country has the highest percentage of urban population?What statue overlooks Rio de Janeiro?Who invented the traffic signal?What is brain drain?Where is the Barbary Coast?What is the largest city in Siberia?Who was Lech Walesa?What different types of lightning are there?What is balkanization?How does land turn into desert?How can I measure how much rain falls where I live?What is an aquifer?What is a coral reef?What is the mid-Atlantic ridge?What was the industrial revolution?How did the ancient Romans get water to their cities?Why was the Vietnam War fought, and what were some of the consequences?Did glaciers create the Great Lakes?What is a hemisphere?What do b.c.e. and c.e. stand for?How many cities are in the United States?How was Mt. Kilimanjaro formed?Where does wind come from?What is a tropical glacier?What is the life expectancy in Japan?What is the National Flood Insurance Program?Sri LankaWhat was Seward's Folly?How do forest fires help forests?CLIMATEWhich river touches more countries than any other?How is water used in the home?What are satellites photographing?How big is the area of the North Pole ice region?What is the DART array?What is Russia's official name?Which country spends the most money on the military?How many capital cities does South Africa have?What is the Atacama desert?Where is the Jutland Peninsula?What is the Terracotta Army?Why are the Missouri-Mississippi Rivers lumped together?GuyanaAntigua and BarbudaWhat is the highest point in the United States?What is the Gaza Strip?MalawiPolandHow many Great Lakes are there?What is El Niño?PanamaWhich Middle Eastern country has the most tourism?LesothoWhen was the first watch made?Why is there often a cross next to the east direction on maps?How many volcanoes are in Europe?What is the oldest continually occupied city in the United States?CULTURAL GEOGRAPHYHow do airplanes create clouds?OCEANIAWhy do houses fall into sinkholes?How much of the Earth's surface is frozen?What did the domino effect have to do with United States involvement in the Vietnam War?What is the purpose of NATO now that the Soviet Union is gone?UNITED STATES OF AMERICAAre there more people or sheep in New Zealand?How many islands make up Indonesia?When did Brazil move its capital city?What is acid rain?What is the highest railroad in the world?What is the deepest lake in North America?How many counties are in the United States?How are hurricanes ranked?What was Hurricane Katrina?Why is the sky blue?Who lives in the City of the Dead?What is the windiest place on Earth?How did factories in the U.S.S.R. end up on the east side of the country?IcelandWhat was the Rwanda genocide?Why don't Americans eat horse meat?Which volcano poses the most risk to people in Europe?AfghanistanWhat are fossil fuels?FijiWhat is the difference between climate and weather?Can you ski in New Zealand?From where does the word "fjord" originate?AlgeriaTHE PHILIPPINES AND INDONESIA EstoniaWhat is the population of the United States?What is a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid or PHA?Where is Iwo Jima?FLOODS What do modern geographers do?Who is Osama bin Laden?What are ocean currents?Where is Camelot?Where was the first atomic bomb used on a populated area?What is Benelux?What is the lowest point on dry land?SloveniaIs there any permanent ice in Africa?What is the world's most densely populated island?What is the leading cause of disaster-related death in the United States?Which countries are members of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)?Which non-island nations have the fewest neighbors?What is an azimuth?What was Gran Colombia?IranWhat percentage of people live in the mega cities of the world?QatarNATURAL RESOURCES What was Zimbabwe's previous name?How does a GPS unit know where I am?How long have Communists been in power in China?TIME, CALENDARS, AND SEASONSWhere is the Yucatan?When was the second agricultural revolution?Which country is the world's leading lead producer?What type of rocks are formed by lava?How many people lived on the islands of Seychelles before 1770?What is Ulan Bator?How many people speak Arabic in the world?Who are the Maygar?What fish, once thought to be extinct, suddenly appeared near Comoros?Which state has the longest coastline?What is the oldest college in the United States?What is a desalination plant?Where can you see the Great Wall?RIVERS AND LAKES What is the oldest public park in the United States?How dry is Antarctica?How did Israel become a country?Where was the world's first monument to an insect established?How many Native Americans were killed during the period of European colonization in the Americas?What are ice core samples and why are they important?What is South Korea's national slogan?What happened at Three Mile Island?Which river carries the most water?How many people in the world are classified as urban dwellers?When did the Suez Canal begin to operate?OCEANIA AND ANTARCTICAHow are different types of climates classified?What is the difference between Central and Latin America?What is geologic time?Are all countries divided into one-hour time zones?What is Devil's Island?What was Manifest Destiny?What are latitude and longitude lines?Which countries give the highest proportion of their GNP in the form of aid to other countries?CroatiaWhat is Europe's oldest independent state?WESTERN EUROPEWhich state borders the most others?Which Middle Eastern country currently has the longest-ruling leader?Are all fjords found in Norway?Are there an equal number of boy and girl babies born?Who owns all of those islands in the Pacific Ocean?Can you ski in the Middle East?How many time zones does the United States have?NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICAWhich African country is the world's leading producer of cocoa beans?Which country in Africa is the only country that is not a member of the African Union?Where does Los Angeles get its water?Who won the Cold War?What are the equinoxes?What is geographic illiteracy?Why were 10 days lost from the year in 1582?What is permafrost?What was the first city to have more than one million people?CubaWhich state has the most lakes?Which celestial bodies are the days of the week named after?What two countries emerged from Czechoslovakia?COLONIES AND EXPANSIONISM What is the axis of the Earth?How did the League of Nations fail?How have satellites changed map making?How many countries are members of the United Nations?What are incidence maps?VietnamHow many people have been killed during the U.S. war with Iraq?What causes earthquakes?Where is all the water?KazakhstanWhy was the Erie Canal built?If the Earth is so large, why did Columbus think that India was close enough to reach by sailing west from Europe?How many countries has the U.S. military attacked or occupied since the beginning of the year 2000?Where is the highest life expectancy on Earth?Did people bathe in Bath?BelgiumWhat is the difference between cultivation and domestication?How did the Inca civilization experiment with climate?Which country lies completely within South Africa?Who was the first person to reach the North Pole?What city is named for a game show?In which direction do ships sail through the Panama Canal?What is the longest bridge in the world?How does geography influence politics?LiechtensteinCape VerdeWhat is the world's busiest seaport?If I keep walking in a straight line, will the Coriolis effect cause me to veer?How does the tilt of the Earth affect the seasons?Where is Gaul?What is a tsunami?KosovoChileHow many people are projected to live on the planet in 2040?What was Pangea?Which South American country was the first to gain independence from colonial rule?How many states have land north of Canada's southernmost point?HaitiWhat are the fastest growing U.S. cities in terms of population growth from 2000 to 2006?How many Potentially Hazardous Asteroids is NASA tracking that could impact the Earth in the twenty-first century?How many oceans are there?What is Caprivi's Finger?TIME ZONES Where did the mutineers of the Bounty land?Why was the border between the Yemen and Saudi Arabia dashed on maps?UkraineWhat country is crossed by both the equator and a Tropic?FinlandBurkina FasoWhat was the intent of Magellan's Expedition?Where does the Loch Ness Monster live?What is the Arirang Festival?Why is Cabinda separate from Angola?OmanHow prevalent is AIDS in Africa?Saudi ArabiaAcknowledgmentsGermanyDominicaWhat is the jet stream?What is a nautical mile?What's the big red rock in the middle of Australia?What countries are threatened the most from rising sea levels, and may cease to exist in the twenty-first century?Did an asteroid kill the dinosaurs?Who owns Walvis Bay?What was the last Central American country to obtain its independence?How did the Berlin Conference of 1884 help expedite the colonization of Africa?What is the Forbidden City?Who was Simon Bolivar?What is the world's second-longest barrier reef?What are interstate highways?SingaporeWho is the biggest producer of oil in Europe?Central African RepublicWho are the Maori?How do I convert Fahrenheit to Celsius to Kelvin?What is the largest building in the world, in terms of usable space?How many countries are there in Africa?Who invented geography?What is a rain forest?What is the difference between a highway and a freeway?What is the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center?What is a wadi?THE EARTH'S MATERIALS AND INTERNAL PROCESSESWhere do most legal immigrants to the United States come from?DjiboutiWhich country had the world's first legislature?Why did early humans have no need for hours, days, weeks, or months?Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan in 1979?When did Burma become Myanmar?Which comes first, latitude or longitude?THE UNITED NATIONS Vatican CityHow did Australia get its name?SwazilandGhanaMalaysiaWhat was the Rainbow Warrior?What is the National Geographic-Roper Public Affairs Geographic Literacy Study?How much of the world's population is devoted to agriculture?What is a long lot?RUSSIA AND THE FORMER SOVIET STATESHow big is the Sahara Desert?Why did Peru and Ecuador fight two wars in the twentieth century?What is evapotranspiration?How does South Korea rank in the world economy?What is a thunderstorm?Were the Romans the only civilization to develop water resources in an advanced way?What are the capitals of Bolivia?Which country has the highest per capita GDP?Which country is the world's leading coffee producer?PortugalWhat revolution attempted to stop world hunger?How do maquiladoras help clothe the United States?Where are Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre Oriental?Who is Nelson Mandela?Why does Romania have so many orphans?How was Niagara Falls stopped?What is the St. Lawrence Seaway?How big was the largest hailstone?ArmeniaHow did the Monroe Doctrine protect the Americas?AFRICATuvaluBotswanaNigeriaHow does a choke point "choke" a body of water?Which is farther east, Santiago, Chile, or Miami, Florida?Which country has the world's highest population density?How is hail formed?What is a drainage basin?AFRICAHow do you drive to the island country of Bahrain?What is a renewable resource?What is the difference between a lingua franca and a pidgin?UruguayAzerbaijanWhat percentage of Americans volunteer each year?Which states are earthquake-free?ANTARCTICA Who settled Denmark?What are the lowest points on each continent?GeorgiaWhere is Greater Syria?AustriaWho are the Bedouin?TanzaniaWhat are the consequences when glaciers melt?Which religions are practiced by the most people?How fast did the Mayflower sail?Aside from the Louisiana Purchase, how was the American West obtained?What was Mesopotamia?Why does Hawaii have interstate highways?SyriaWhich Russian city is among the most expensive in the world?What is the largest building in the world in terms of floor space?How do farmers water their crops?What is a watershed?What is the smallest country in Southeast Asia?What are the most heavily urbanized countries in South America?Who was John Wesley Powell?How did a lake kill more than 2,000 people?Where is the equator?Why is Christopher Columbus credited with discovering the New World?Why was Eisenhower a fan of interstate highways?What does the suffix "stan" mean?EcuadorWhat is the oldest known map drawn to scale?How is northern Canada gaining elevation?Is Chicago really the "windy city?"How can maps be used to start wars?How many provinces are there in South Africa?How much did the population of New Orleans decline after Hurricane Katrina struck?GreeceHow many indigenous people live in the Arctic?TurkmenistanWhat is the most populated urban area in the world?Who rules Andorra?Who invented the first train?SerbiaWhat is the difference between a bay and a gulf?What was the highest temperature ever recorded?What was the Oregon Trail?What are continents?WINDWhat is the most popular theme park in the United States?What was the first independent country in the Caribbean?GuineaEritreaRwandaIs there land at the North Pole?What is the AAG?YemenIs the ozone layer being depleted?What country in Africa has the world's highest minimum elevation?TSUNAMISWhat is China's one-child rule?ASTEROIDS AND NEAR EARTH OBJECTS How old is the Earth?What is global warming?BahrainWhat is the Gregorian calendar?What is the most popular national park in the United States?How much beef does Australia export?HUMAN CIVILIZATION How big was the Mongol Empire?What were Thomas Malthus' ideas on population growth?Who were the earliest explorers from Asia?What is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States?The NetherlandsWhat is the highest point in the world?Will another large asteroid strike the Earth?Who designed and planned the capital of Brazil?What is the North Magnetic Pole?El SalvadorWhere is Dum Dum airport?How high is tree line?Why don't FM radio waves travel very far?When did the Chinese Empire begin naval exploration?How geologically active is Japan?How long does it take to travel by train across Russia?Which country has more languages than any other in the world?Where are Egypt's pyramids?What is the world's largest lake?What does a 40 percent chance of rain really mean?What is the Great Wall of China made of?Is a magnitude 10 the top of the Richter scale?How many Internet users are there in the United States?When were time zones established in the United States?CITIES AND SUBURBSWhen did the Iraq War begin?What role did Russia play in World War II?How does military time work?What is The Hague?Who are the Aborigines?What was the world's first skyscraper?What does the scale of a map tell me?ItalyWhat is the problem with a calendar based on the cycles of the moon?What do a.m. and p.m. mean?Which country was the world's first welfare state?What are the Arctic and Antarctic Circles?Where is the world's second-highest mountain?What is the world's longest freshwater lake?LuxembourgHow big is Siberia?What is the origin of the word "monsoon"?THE NEW WORLDWhat part of a hurricane is most damaging?How did the Himalayas form?Who carved Mt. Rushmore?Dominican RepublicDo oases really exist?What is the Commonwealth of Independent States?Solomon IslandsWhat were the Crusades?What are the largest metropolitan areas in the United States?TurkeyWhat are basins and ranges?THE STATES Has global warming affected the ice on Mt. Kilimanjaro?VenezuelaWho owns Easter Island?How can GPS keep me from getting lost?Where are the Leeward Islands?What is ethnic cleansing?CanadaWhat is an atomic clock?What is the difference between Islam and a Muslim?RELIGION CambodiaBelizeWhat does a glacier leave behind?Where is the third world?Who was Captain Kidd?What is the difference between snow and hail?Of all countries in Africa, which countries were never colonized?Cote d'lvoireWhere does Europe end and Asia begin?What is Africa's most populous country?How many islands make up the Maldives?How wide is the Strait of Gibraltar?What is Polynesia?When was January 1 chosen as the beginning of the year?POPULATION How much rice does China produce?Why would countries want colonies?Is the Strait of Magellan crooked?(ZAR) LiberiaHow is gerrymandering like a salamander?Is it possible to drive across Russia?What are the largest Canadian urban areas?What transition took place within Hong Kong in 1997?What is the longest river in Europe?What are the horse latitudes?OCEANS AND SEAS How are mountains formed?Where does the name Saudi Arabia come from?Who was Muhammed?Where is the highest lake in the world?What is the tallest skyscraper in the world?How many people are abducted and sold into slavery each year?Where is Brunei?What is the world's most visited mountain?What is the most common last name in the world?KiribatiWhat is the significance of the San Andreas fault?What two cities make up Budapest?Why is the Mediterranean Sea so salty?How wide is a degree of latitude?What was the world's worst nuclear disaster?MoroccoWhat should I do in the event of an earthquake?How was Taiwan created?Why is color important on a relief map?Where is the oldest church in the Americas?What are the two cultural groups that make up Belgium?Who is an ayatollah?MaltaWhat was the first airplane flown?EXPLORATIONWhere is Asia Minor?What is the difference between a country and a nation?BhutanBelarusWhat is the NCGE?Where are the highest rivers in the world?Where is the land of the rising sun?How long is China's Great Wall?Is there enough food to feed the world?CLIMATIC TRENDS What is a census?Which country is composed of seven sheikdoms?Costa RicaHow many state names end in the letter "a"?How many educational institutions are there in the United States?Where was the most snowfall ever recorded?How old are glaciers?Why don't we feel the Earth moving?What is Hadrian's Wall?Czech RepublicWhere in Egypt do most Egyptians live?How was Pompeii destroyed?How many states have four-letter names?Why is a book of maps called an atlas?What type of rocks are formed from particles?How big is Russia's Lake Baikal?SEA TRANSPORT What is the difference between a State and a state?What are some of the largest South Korean companies?How many countries end in the suffix "stan"?Does Yugoslavia still exist?Which country is the world's leading bauxite producer?Who else controls the price of gas besides oil producers?When do countries in the Southern Hemisphere observe Daylight Saving Time?What started the fighting in Chechnya?Where are hot springs used by people around the world?How was the New World divided between Spain and Portugal?What is the leading cause of death in the United States?Where is the longest Main Street in the United States?What is Aotearoa?What is Mardi Gras?Who was Kublai Khan?Does radiation from a nuclear plant stop at the 10-mile (16 kilometer) zone?Was San Francisco destroyed by earthquake or by fire in 1906?What is the largest shopping mall in terms of gross leasable area?How many foreign students attend universities and colleges in the United States?Why isn't Taiwan recognized by the U.S. government?What was the baby boom?Where is the farthest point from land?What are nomads?Why are we losing ground water?How many islands make up the Philippines?How does water wash away the land?How do the Netherlands keep getting bigger?What is Nunavut?What is Machu Picchu?What is the world's largest Islamic nation?Which country is the top exporter of goods and services?What do the Sandwich Islands and Hawaiian Islands have in common?What's NAFTA?ColombiaHow many people died as a result of the subsequent failure of the levees and flooding after Hurricane Katrina struck?DenmarkSpainWhy is there a tiny piece of Russia in the middle of Eastern Europe?What are the largest seas?Who's fighting over the Falkland Islands?What is a fjord?What is a Mediterranean climate?JapanWhat causes erosion?Why do third world countries no longer exist?What happens when I cross the International Date Line?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCESWhere is Indochina?Marshall IslandsWhat state has only one legislative body?Which countries colonized Africa?Which natural disasters doesn't Southern California experience?KuwaitWhat does an earthquake feel like?ZimbabweHow many layers are in the atmosphere?Why does a first-born son get everything?THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT Are glaciers only found in cold, northern places?Which is larger, clay or sand?How did a map help stop the spread of cholera?Who are the Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims?What world weather records does the United States hold?TogoWhere does the name El Niño come from?Who was Ponce de Leon?How much of the Earth is usually covered by clouds?What are the five least populous U.S. states?What is the official neckwear of Arizona?What are volcanoes?What is a tributary?Have compasses always pointed north?How can I find the exact time?The GambiaHow many countries does the United States recognize?LithuaniaMeasured by area, what is the largest city in the United States?How many places on Earth have evidence of asteroid impacts?Which Middle Eastern country has the largest population?Where are the Prairie Provinces?How did the Black Plague affect the world's population?SOUTH AMERICANauruHow much money have U.S. taxpayers spent on the war in Iraq?JAPAN AND THE KOREAN PENINSULAIs Puerto Rico a state?What is a subcontinent?What is a central business district?Which Hawaiian island was once a leper colony?What should I do in the event of a flood?Where is the Middle East today?HISTORY AND INSTRUMENTS THE WEST INDIES What is Land's End?Are kangaroos native to Australia?What is the actual name of Bogotá?What is an atoll?What is Melanesia?When was the first freeway built in the United States?THE SEASONS What is Bollywood?How much of the Earth is covered by water?Which South American countries are members of OPEC?CyprusWhy is Russia always one hour ahead?What is a hazard?MaliWhich African country has Spanish as an official language?Where is the Black Forest?What is a low high temperature and a high low temperature?How many people live in Moscow?What is the driest state?What is a dhoni?How many times does lightning strike the Earth each year?Why did the United States invade Iraq?What type of calendar was used in the Soviet Union between 1929 and 1940?SamoaWhat is the European Union?When did the twenty-first century begin?Where are the Arctic and Antarctic Circles?How large is Brazil?Why is permafrost so important?What is the difference between a physical and a political map?Is Australia the smallest continent?What is the most populous country in the world?Does the Earth spin at a constant rate?Where did some of the first cities of the world begin?What do b.c. and a.d. stand for?How many Near Earth Objects is NASA tracking?What do dams do?Is Singapore a city or a country?HISTORYWhere are the Highlands?What are the world's newest countries?Where are the active volcanoes in the United States?LebanonHow valuable is a college education in the United States?THE WORLD TODAY How is rainfall measured?What is the Coriolis effect?LANGUAGE AND RELIGION What is a Gypsy?What are the Apennines?What do the Cumberland Road and Cumberland Gap have to do with each other?What is the most dangerous state to live in due to tornadoes?How much does a gallon of water weigh?FranceWhy is Coney Island called an island even though it's not?When did agriculture begin?When was the last interstate highway built?THE WORLD ECONOMY What was the U.S.S.R.?Which city has the most taxis?How old is the oldest known map?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES TORNADOESWas the flooding of the Nile predictable before dams were built?What are hot springs?Who was Che Guevara?What are dust devils?Which state borders only one other state?What time is it at 12:00 a.m.?What are the Andes?Does the Coriolis effect make the water in my toilet, sink, and bathtub swirl clockwise?How has the West Bank caused conflict?What was the Nazis' plan for Madagascar?When was the first flight achieved?Timor-LesteEgyptWhat is the least-densely populated country in the world?When did Phoenician explorers begin discovering and colonizing Europe?Who would purposely create false maps?What is a jungle?What are the five smallest states?What is the most common street name in the United States?SOUTHEAST ASIALaosWhat makes Brazilian automobiles run?Is the permafrost thawing?What was Levittown?KenyaWhen did suburbs become fashionable?How can I determine the distance between two places by using a scale?ZambiaWhere will the biggest dam in the world be located?What are the five most populous U.S. states?How much oil is produced by Europe?What is the world's largest tropical rain forest?MEXICO What is the tallest dam in the world?Where is South America's population clustered?How did the Soviet Bloc countries respond to the creation of NATO?How did Cuba become a Communist country?Who is the biggest exporter of rice in the world?Which member of the United Nations could not serve on the Security Council?Which states are split into multiple time zones?ParaguayWhy do they speak French in Québec?AustraliaHow thick is Antarctica's ice?What South American city has more Japanese residents than any city outside of Japan?HondurasWhere is Crimea?How many miles of paved road are there in the United States?How many people live on the Earth?EASTERN EUROPE Where are the low countries?What is the holiest site in Mecca?What are the seven hills of Rome?What is a theocracy?What are some world weather records?Democratic Republic of the CongoWhat is a perpetual resource?CENTRAL AMERICAIs childbirth still a significant cause of death for women?Was Cuba ever a part of the United States?BruneiWhat were Marco Polo's contributions to exploration?TunisiaWhat are the different kinds of clouds?Which country is the world's leading copper producer?What is a boomerang?What is the continental divide?What is the longest river in the world?Why are there so many starving people in Ethiopia?What are monsoons?What cities have the most crime in the United States?PalauGuinea-BissauIsraelCONTROLLING WATERDoes lightning ever strike twice in the same place?Who owns the Panama Canal?What is the circumference of the Earth?How do most people travel across Russia?What is the highest navigable lake in the world?What countries have the most Internet usage?Where is the largest coral reef in the world?What was the first major city in the Western Hemisphere?What is pinyin?Where was the Pale of Settlement?Is Scotland a country?What were Lewis and Clark looking for?Where is the sunbelt?ThailandIraqPEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIESHow important is China to the biodiversity in the world?How did the bikini get its name?What is continental drift?What was the first tunnel through the Alps?Is the Gregorian calendar accurate?Why is the growth rate declining?What is the busiest airport outside of the United States?What are some of the most expensive cities in the world?What is Micronesia?What caused the Bhopal disaster?What was the Klondike Gold Rush?What was the United Arab Republic?Which European country produces the most nuclear energy?How long did it take for the world population to double in size?Is global warming causing the world's glaciers to melt?What is the Pan-American Highway?South AfricaMontenegroPEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES Why is Greenland considered an island while Australia is a continent?POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY Where does it rain the most?GuatemalaWhat is a glacier?Where is the biggest desalination plant in the United States?TajikistanWhat is MERCOSUR?IrelandNicaraguaWhat is the difference between small and large scale maps?How many illegal immigrants are there in the United States?How is a capital different from a capitol?How did Julius Caesar fix the calendar?What were the results of the 2006 National Geographic-Roper Public Affairs Geographic Literacy Study?Who controls the world's oil supply?
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