When was the first freeway built in the United States?
The first freeway (lacking tolls and having limited access) in the United States was the Arroyo Seco Freeway, connecting Pasadena and downtown Los Angeles. It opened in 1940 and is now the Pasadena Freeway, Highway 110.
What are interstate highways?
President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, which established the system of interstate highways in the United States. Interstate highways are federally funded freeways that allow the rapid transportation of people, goods, and the military across the country.
Why was Eisenhower a fan of interstate highways?
In 1919, the young Dwight D. Eisenhower took part in a cross-country military trip from Washington, D.C., to San Francisco. But, due to the state of the highways at that time, the trip took 62 days—far too long to defend the country should the need arise. This experience made Eisenhower realize the need for a faster, more efficient mode of transportation across the country. Because of President Eisenhower's support for the Interstate Highway System, it is now officially known as the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways.
Why does Hawaii have interstate highways?
Since any freeway funded under the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 is known as an interstate highway, whether it crosses state boundaries or not, Hawaii can have interstate highways. Though they cross no state borders, Hawaii has three interstate highways, H1, H2, and H3.
When was the last interstate highway built?
The construction of new interstate highways came to an end in 1993 with the opening of Interstate 105, the Century Freeway, in Los Angeles, 37 years after construction began on the system. The Century Freeway is an inter-city route connecting the coastal community of El Segundo to Interstates 405, 110, 710, and finally 605 in Norwalk.
How many miles of paved road are there in the United States?
The United States has more paved road than any other country in the world, with a grand total of 2,335,000 miles (3,757,015 kilometers).
Did Hitler create the Autobahn?
Though the first modern freeway system in Germany was begun in 1913, Adolf Hitler did create the Autobahn during the Third Reich, from 1933 to 1945. The Autobahn is a freeway system that includes 6,800 miles (10,941 kilometers) of road across Germany. Though it is widely believed that there are no speed limits on the Autobahn, there are a few segments with marked speed limits.
What is the longest bridge in the world?
Completed in 1956, the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway that connects New Orleans with Mandeville, Louisiana, is 24 miles (38.6 kilometers) long—the longest bridge in the world. A parallel bridge adding two more lanes was completed in 1969.
A train enters the Chunnel, an underground tunnel that runs beneath the English Channel and connects France to the United Kingdom.
What is the Chunnel?
The Channel Tunnel (or Chunnel) is a railroad tunnel under the Strait of Dover in the English Channel. The Chunnel runs for 31 miles (50 kilometers) between Folkestone (near Dover) in the United Kingdom and Sangatte (near Calais) in France. Opened in 1994, the Chunnel connects England with the rest of continental Europe.
What is the most common street name in the United States?
It's not Main Street. Second, Third, First, and Fourth Streets are the most common, followed by Park, Fifth, and Main.
Where is the longest Main Street in the United States?
Main Street in Island Park, Idaho, is 33 miles (53 kilometers) long, making it the longest in the United States.
When was the first automobile built?
Though it had only three wheels, the world's first gasoline-powered automobile was built by Karl Benz in 1885. Henry Ford built his in 1893.
Which city has the most taxis?
Congested Mexico City is home to more than 60,000 taxis among its 3.5 million automobiles. The city with the second greatest number of taxis is Mumbai, India, which has more than 55,000.
What is the world's longest subway system?
The world's first subway system is also the world's longest. In operation since 1863 (when it used steam-powered trains), the London Underground is now 244 miles (393 kilometers) long and uses electricity to power the trains.
How many taxi cab drivers are there in the United States?
More than 230,000 taxi cab drivers work the streets, with more than 38 percent being immigrants to the United States.
Where was the first self-service gas station?
In the automobile city of Los Angeles, George Urich opened the first self-service station in 1947.
Who invented the traffic signal?
The red, yellow, and green traffic signal that we are familiar with today was originally invented by Garrett Morgan in 1923. Morgan, who was also the inventor of the gas mask, received numerous awards for his invention.
Who invented the first train?
In 1825, British engineer George Stephenson invented the first train, which was powered by steam. Stephenson's train was introduced to North America in the 1830s and was used until the 1940s when diesel-electric locomotives, which didn't run on expensive coal, replaced steam locomotives.
What is the world's busiest seaport?
Shanghai, China, is the busiest seaport, moving more than 443 million tons of cargo annually. It is followed by Singapore, with 423 million tons, and Rotterdam, the Netherlands, which handles 376 million tons.
What does a canal lock do?
Many canals connect two bodies of water that lie at different elevations. Locks are used to gradually move the ships from one elevation to another. Once a ship enters a lock,
The Panama Canal is a remarkable achievement in engineering. Completed in 1914 and costing the lives of over 27,000 workers, the canal cuts shipping routes in half.
doors close in front of and behind it. Water is then added or drained from the area to raise or lower the ship to a different elevation. Then the doors in front of the ship open and the ship sails down the canal to the next lock or to the open sea.
In which direction do ships sail through the Panama Canal?
Though you would expect them to travel east from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean when sailing through the Panama Canal, ships actually travel northwest. Since the Isthmus of Panama lies parallel to the equator, the canal does not lie east-west but rather northwest-southeast.
Why was the Erie Canal built?
The 363-mile (584-kilometer) Erie Canal connects the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Opened in 1825, the canal created a new, shorter route from the northern interior of the United States to the Atlantic Ocean. Prior to the opening of the Erie Canal, goods traveled down the Mississippi River and out to the Atlantic. Since New York City lies on the Hudson River, the canal was responsible for the growth of the city as a major port, helping it to become the largest city in the United States. Once the St. Lawrence
Seaway was built in 1959, the Erie Canal became rarely used, since most transportation soon traveled along the Seaway.
What is the St. Lawrence Seaway?
Completed in 1959, the 183-mile (294-kilometer)-long St. Lawrence Seaway was built by deepening and widening the St. Lawrence River between Montreal, Canada, and Lake Ontario so that large ships could traverse it. The Seaway consists of a series of locks that allow ships to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes, and ultimately on to Chicago. A limiting factor of the Seaway is that ships can only use the Seaway between May and November, as it is blocked by ice in the winter.