Infants: Transition from Breast to Bottle to Solids

James K. Friel and Wafaa A. Qasem

Key Points

  • • Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months of life.
  • • Formula feeding is only recommended to mothers who cannot or choose not to breastfeed.
  • • Breast milk has a degree of bioactivity (effect on cell or tissue), antioxidants, immunological defenses, minerals, and fatty acids not found in formula. These deficient elements may help explain the health benefits associated with breast milk. Formula manufacturers are trying to introduce these missing elements into formula.
  • • Complementary feeding should begin at 6 months of age with breast milk continuing until at least 1 year of age.
  • • Complementary feeding should help promote a positive association with hunger, food, appetite, and the person feeding. Infants should also learn gross motor skills and form relationships.

Keywords Infants • Breast milk • Breastfeeding • Complementary feeding • Formula • Growth

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