PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES
What are the Alps?
The Alps are Europe's most famous mountain chain, running east-west for approximately 700 miles (1,125 kilometers). The Alps stretch from southeastern Spain to the Balkans, and include Mont Blanc, the highest point in western Europe.
What are the Apennines?
The Apennines are a mountain range extending from northern to southern Italy for approximately 600 miles (1,000 kilometers). The highest point is a place called Corno Grande, which reaches a summit at 9,500 feet (2,912 meters).
Where is the Rock of Gibraltar?
The Rock of Gibraltar is a limestone mountain located on the Gibraltar peninsula in southern Spain. The city of Gibraltar, located on this same peninsula, is actually a British colony, and is used as a naval air base. This is the perfect location from which to control the Strait of Gibraltar, the small waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. Spain has continually advocated a claim for this area but has been consistently unable to retrieve this vital piece of land.
On the opposite side of the Strait of Gibraltar, at the northern tip of Morocco, Spain has its own autonomous community, consisting of Ceuta and Melilla, which is also strategically located to control the Strait of Gibraltar.
Lago di Barrea (Lake Barrea) and the city of Barrea, Abruzzo Province, in the Apennine Mountains of Italy (photo by Paul A. Tucci).
Where are the Highlands?
The island of Great Britain is divided into highlands and lowlands along the Tees-Exe line, which runs between Plymouth in the south and Middlesborough on the east coast. To the southeast of this line lie the flat plains of England, while to the northwest lie the Scottish Highlands.
How wide is the Strait of Gibraltar?
The strait, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and Spain, is eight miles (13 kilometers) wide at its narrowest.
Where is the southernmost glacier in Europe?
The southernmost European glacier is also high atop the Apennines, near Corno Grande. Due to global warming it has lost a significant amount of its mass.
How many volcanoes are in Europe?
There are more than one hundred volcanoes in Europe.
Which volcano poses the most risk to people in Europe?
Mt. Vesuvius, on the western coast of Italy, lies very near a city of more than one million people: Naples. The volcano is still active, and geologists predict there is a very good chance it will erupt again in the future, potentially wiping out Naples and the surrounding area.
How many volcanoes does Iceland have?
Iceland, formed by volcanoes along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, is home to more than 100 volcanoes. Of these, more than 20 have erupted over the past few centuries.
What is Iceland's leading export?
Over three-quarters of Iceland's exports are fish. The fish industry employs 12 percent of the nation's workforce, and the country is economically vulnerable to fluctuations in world fish prices.
A winged god, possibly Apollo, painted on the interior of a house in Herculaneum, another city that was completely buried in ash from the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 C.E. (photo by Paul A. Tucci).
How much oil is produced by Europe?
Europe produces 6,358,000 barrels of oil per day, which is approximately 7.9 percent of the world's total production of 80,247,000 barrels per day.
Who is the biggest producer of oil in Europe?
Norway wins as Europe's biggest oil producer, producing approximately 3.2 million barrels per day. The United Kingdom and Denmark are the second and third biggest oil producers in Europe.
What are the seven hills of Rome?
The city of Rome sits upon seven hills: Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine, and Palatine. According to ancient legend, the first settlement in the area, the city of Romulus, was built upon Palatine.
Where is the Jutland Peninsula?
The Jutland Peninsula extends north from Germany and is home to the country of Denmark.
Where is the Black Forest?
Located in southwestern Germany, the Black Forest is a densely forested, mountainous region that is a popular location for vacationing, with its many health resorts and
What is a Reich?
The word "reich" literally means "empire" in German. The First Reich is considered to be the Holy Roman Empire from 800 to 1806 c.e. The Second Reich was Germany, united under Otto von Bismarck, from 1871 to 1918. In 1933, Adolf Hitler established the Third Reich, the Nazi regime, which lasted until the defeat of Germany at the end of World War II, in 1945.
wilderness trails. The Black Forest is the source of the Danube River and is renowned for its cuckoo clocks.