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How long have Communists been in power in China?

China's communist revolution took place in 1949, and Mao Zedong became the country's first "chairman." Communism has been the doctrine ever since.

What is the highest railroad in the world?

The Qinghai-Tibet railroad is the highest railroad in the world, climbing to more than 16,737 feet (5,072 meters). It connects Lhasa, Tibet, to the rest of China on 709 miles (1,142 kilometers) of track. Because of the high altitudes of the sections of the track, each rail car includes a supply of oxygen for its passengers. More than 1.5 million people used the train in its first year of operation in July 2006.

What is the world's most commonly spoken language?

Over one billion people around the world speak Mandarin, the official language of China. Other languages spoken in China include Yue (Cantonese), which is spoken by 71 million people; Wu (Shanghaiese), spoken by 70 million; and other minority languages such as Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, and Hakka dialects.

What is pinyin?

Pinyin is a new system for transliterating Chinese into the Roman alphabet. It replaced the Wade-Giles system in 1958, when the Chinese government started using pinyin for external press announcements. It has gradually gained acceptance, and is the reason why we now call the Chinese capital Beijing instead of Peking (a Wade-Giles transliteration).

How much rice does China produce?

China is the world's leading rice producer and is responsible for about one-third of total rice production in the world. The country produces about 188.5 million metric tons of rice each year. India, the next biggest producer, produces about 142 million metric tons. Ninety percent of the rice in the world is produced in Asia.

Who is the biggest exporter of rice in the world?

Thailand exports about 9.2 million metric tons of rice per year, about one-third of the total rice that is exported in the world. The Philippines imports the most rice in the world: approximately two million metric tons each year.

What transition took place within Hong Kong in 1997?

The sovereignty of Hong Kong, a former British territory, was transferred to China on July 1, 1997, following the expiration of a 99-year treaty signed by China and the United Kingdom. The treaty gave the United Kingdom the use of the trading port of Hong Kong, as well as a section of land on Mainland China known as the New Territories. Since the treaty for the New Territories was due to expire in the late 1990s, the United Kingdom and China entered into negotiations to hand over to China both Hong Kong (covered by an in-perpetuity agreement) and the New Territories. China agreed to the terms of the negotiation, which granted Hong Kong special administrative rights, limited sovereignty and self-rule, and allowed its economic structure to remain in place until 2047. Hong Kong was and continues to be one of the most developed territories in the world, as well as one of the great banking and financial centers.

What is the least-densely populated country in the world?

Mongolia (not to be confused with Inner Mongolia, which is a province in northern China), with its tiny population of 2.6 million people spread over 600,000 square miles (1,554,000 square kilometers) of territory, has a population density of about four people per square mile. Mongolia's density is limited because only one percent of the

China is a leading rice producer, and the country is also famous for its remarkable rice farming terraces, such as these located in Yuanyang County.

China is a leading rice producer, and the country is also famous for its remarkable rice farming terraces, such as these located in Yuanyang County.

Why is the Aral Sea shrinking?

The area of the Aral Sea, located on the border of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, has been reduced in size by one-half since 1960. Though it was once the world's fourth-largest lake, diversion of its feeder rivers for agricultural purposes has severely shrunken the lake. This shrinkage has exposed soil saturated with salt, which now destroys plants and vegetation across the nearby plains.

country can be used for agriculture; the remainder of the country is dry and used for nomadic herding. Mongolia was originally established in the thirteenth century when Genghis Khan overtook and unified much of mainland Asia.

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