Where was the first atomic bomb used on a populated area?
- What is a bullet train?
- How did North and South Korea come to be?
- What is South Korea's national slogan?
- How long did Japan occupy and colonize Korea?
- How does South Korea rank in the world economy?
- What are some of the largest South Korean companies?
- What is Truce Village?
- How many times have North and South Korea met to negotiate a solution to the division of Korea in Panmunjom?
- What catastrophe happened in North Korea in 1995?
- Who provides food to North Korea today?
- What is the Arirang Festival?
The Japanese city of Hiroshima was leveled by an atomic bomb dropped by the United States on August 6, 1945. Three days later, the United States dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. While these events may have hastened the Japanese surrender in World War II, over 115,000 people were killed immediately due to the blasts, and many more died later due to radiation-related diseases.
What is a bullet train?
Bullet trains, or shinkansen, as they are called in Japan, are similar to traditional passenger trains but have been enhanced to travel at speeds of up to 215 miles per hour (346 kilometers per hour). They have been used in Japan since 1965. In 2003 Japan set a world record, testing another generation of bullet trains capable of exceeding 361 miles per hour (581 kilometers per hour).
How did North and South Korea come to be?
From 1392 to 1910 the Korean peninsula was the home of the Choson Kingdom (as it is referred to by its inhabitants). In 1910 Japan took control of the peninsula but lost this territory after its defeat in World War II. North and South Korea are still divided by a line that lies near the latitude of 38 degrees north. This latitude marked the line dividing the Soviet occupation zone in the north and the American occupation zone in the south following World War II. From 1950 to 1953, the Communist North Koreans fought with the democratic South Koreans. With American forces involved in the Korean war, North Korea's army was eventually forced to retreat into China, though it later recaptured land to the 38th parallel, where the border between the two Koreas remains today.
What is South Korea's national slogan?
The national slogan of South Korea is the "Land of the Morning Calm."
How long did Japan occupy and colonize Korea?
Japan began its forced occupation of Korea in 1910 and left the country at the end of World War II in 1945. During the occupation, many Koreans were put into forced
How many American troops are stationed in South Korea?
Currently, 22,500 U.S. troops still occupy South Korea, but only 160 are actually stationed in the demilitarized zone.
labor, slavery, and military conscription. It is estimated that between 200,000 and 800,000 people died at the hands of the Japanese in Korea and the Manchuria region.
How does South Korea rank in the world economy?
South Korea ranks 13th in terms of its per capita GNP (gross national product) of $20,000. It is also the United States's seventh largest trading partner. Its economy is one of the fastest growing in the world, expanding at nearly seven percent per year.
What are some of the largest South Korean companies?
Samsung, Hyundai, LG (Lucky Goldstar), Hanjin Shipping, Daewoo, and Kia are South Korean companies with global brands. They are some of the largest companies in the world today.
What is Truce Village?
The Joint Security Area, or Truce Village, is the nickname given to Panmunjom, a former village destroyed during the war that is 53 kilometers from Seoul. It marks the spot along the 151-mile (243-kilometer) border between North and South Korea, and is the only area between the two countries that the United States still considers a combat zone. The border area strip, which is 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) wide, is patrolled by military forces on both sides. More than 1,000 North and South Koreans have been killed in this area since fighting "ended" in 1953.
How many times have North and South Korea met to negotiate a solution to the division of Korea in Panmunjom?
Both sides have met nearly 400 times to negotiate an end to the division. Who was Kim Il Sung?
Sung was the leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) from its inception in 1948 until his death in 1994. His son, Kim Jong Il, took power after his death, and leads the republic today. Kim Il Sung was worshipped by his people under a state ideology called Juche, which was a complex movement to establish a unique North Korean political movement independent of Marxist-Leninist ideals and the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s.
What catastrophe happened in North Korea in 1995?
Because of their isolation from former trading partners in the Soviet Union, coupled with poor relations with neighboring China, failed economic policies that drove up the price of food, excessive military expenditures, and severe floods, the production of grain in North Korea fell below what was needed to sustain the population in 1995. This triggered food shortages and caused the deaths of between one and three million people. It is not clear how many people died during the three-year famine because the government does not report these types of figures.
The United States gave approximately $600 million to North Korea to help prevent mass starvation. The largest donor country in the world, America contributed more than 50 percent of the total aid given to North Korea to help stop the famine.
Who provides food to North Korea today?
The top exporters of food to North Korea are China, Japan, South Korea, and the United States.
What is the Arirang Festival?
The Arirang Festival or Mass Games, held every April 15 and lasting for two months, is a celebration including performances by thousands of students who create gigantic mosaic pictures by holding colored mosaic cards while standing in an enormous stadium. There are also dance performances during the ceremony. For this event, the North Korean government has even allowed some American tourists to attend.