Why is Cabinda separate from Angola?
Cabinda, though a province of Angola, is separated from the bulk of Angola by approximately 25 miles (40 kilometers) of the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 1886, Belgium gave this tiny area to Angola. Cabindans have recently taken up arms against Angola in the hope of obtaining independence.
What was Zimbabwe's previous name?
In April 1980, the British colony of Rhodesia was granted independence and renamed itself Zimbabwe. Rhodesia had been named for South African businessman Cecil Rhodes.
Where is Ouagadougou?
Ouagadougou (pronounced wah-gah-dah-goo) is the capital of the west African country of Burkina Faso. The city, with half a million residents, is home to the University of Ouagadougou.
Which country lies completely within South Africa?
The tiny country of Lesotho, which gained independence from the British in 1966, is completely surrounded by South Africa. Nearly 40 percent of the male workers migrate to South Africa for employment.
Who speaks Swahili?
While approximately 10 million people speak Swahili as a first language, and another 80 million East Africans speak it as a second language, it is not an indigenous language. Swahili is a mixture of Arabic and African languages that gradually developed through trading between Africans and Arabs. Though there are over 1,000 different languages in Africa, Swahili is the second-most popular language (Arabic is the first).
Is Equatorial Guinea on the equator?
No, Equatorial Guinea's southernmost point is still one degree north of the equator. Though Equatorial Guinea is close to the equator, its southern neighbor, Gabon, is truly equatorial.
Where is the Horn of Africa?
The Horn of Africa is the eastern protrusion of Africa that includes Somalia, Ethiopia, and Djibouti. The easternmost tip of the Horn is called Gees Gwardafuy.
How many people lived on the islands of Seychelles before 1770?
None. The country, which is composed of 115 islands northeast of Madagascar, was first inhabited by the colonizing French in the 1770s. The British later gained control of the area and brought Africans to the islands. The islands gained independence in 1976.
What is Caprivi's Finger?
Caprivi's Finger is the name of the narrow strip of land that protrudes from the northeast corner of the otherwise compact country of Namibia. The land was acquired by German Chancellor Georg Leo von Caprivi from the British in 1890 in order for Namibia, known then as German Southwest Africa, to have access to the Zambezi River. This strip of land is approximately 300 miles (480 kilometers) long but no more than 65 miles (105 kilometers) at its widest.
What language do people in Madagascar speak?
The people of Madagascar speak Malagasy. Malagasy is closely related to the languages spoken in Indonesia and Polynesia, rather than to any African language. The people of Madagascar are of Indonesian and Malaysian decent, having migrated there nearly 2,000 years ago.
Where was Kunta Kinte from?
Kunta Kinte, the protagonist of Alex Haley's novel Roots, was from Gambia. Though Gambia follows 200 miles (322 kilometers) of the Gambia River, it is a very thin country, averaging only 12 miles (19 kilometers) in width. Gambia lies entirely within Africa's smallest country, Senegal.
How many official languages are there in South Africa?
The country has 11 official languages: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, and Zulu.
Which African country has Spanish as an official language?
Equatorial Guinea, which is composed of five islands in the Gulf of Guinea and a tiny sliver of land between Cameroon and Gabon, was a colony of Spain until 1968 and has kept Spanish as its official language. The capital city of Malabo is located on the island of Bioko, previously named Fernando Poo.
Where is the world's largest church?
The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace in Yamoussoukro, Ivory Coast, is the world's largest church, covering 100,000 square feet (9,290 square meters). Built in 1989 by President Felix Houphouet-Boigny, the church has seating for 18,000 people. In 1983, Houphouet-Boigny relocated the capital of the Ivory Coast from Abidjan to his hometown of Yamoussoukro.
How prevalent is AIDS in Africa?
Approximately 22.5 million Africans have AIDS, which makes up 64 percent of the world's AIDS cases. Almost all AIDS transmission in Africa is through heterosexual intercourse. Approximately 2.3 million have died of AIDS-related illnesses in Africa.
What is the name of the currency of Botswana?
The south African country of Botswana, consisting primarily of the Kalahari Desert, uses the pula, which means "rain," as their currency.
What is one of the only countries in the world to provide constitutional protection to gays, lesbians, and bisexuals?
South Africa's 1996 constitution protects gays, lesbians, and bisexuals against discrimination in both the public and private sectors. The "Equality Clause" in the Bill of
Rights protects people from discrimination based on race, gender, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, color, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language, and birth.
What was the Rwanda genocide?
The Rwanda genocide was the systematic killing of hundreds of thousands of people belonging to the Tutsi minority ethnic group by the majority Hutus. Most of the killing occurred within a span of 100 days in the summer of 1994. It was carried out by two Hutu extremist military groups. At least 500,000 people were immediately killed, and as many as one million people lost their lives by the end of the massacre. The genocide had its roots in the Rwanda Civil War, which pitted the majority Hutus against the Uganda-supported Tutsi minority.
A building at the Murambi Technical School in Rwanda remains as a memorial to the 40,000 people who were killed there during the 1994 genocide.