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COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

There are currently 195 countries in the world, and in this chapter you'll find key statistics on each one. You can use this chapter to find important geographic, political, and cultural information on countries mentioned in this book. The source of this information is the CIA's World Factbook.

Afghanistan

Long Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

Area: 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km)

Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Population: 32,738,376

Population Growth Rate: 2.626%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 45.82

Death Rate (per 1,000): 19.56

Life Expectancy: 44.21 years

Ethnic Groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Literacy: 28.1%

Government Type: Islamic republic Capital: Kabul

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs)

GDP Per Capita: $1,000

Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry 10%, services 10%

Currency: afghani (AFA)

Albania

Long Name: Republic of Albania

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece in the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north

Area: 11,099 sq. mi. (28,748 sq. km)

Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

Population: 3,619,778

Population Growth Rate: 0.538%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 15.22

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.44

Life Expectancy: 77.78 years

Ethnic Groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma [Gypsy], Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.)

note: in 1989, other estimates of the Greek population ranged from 1% (official Albanian statistics) to 12% (from a Greek organization)

Religion: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%

Languages: Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects

Literacy: 98.7%

Government Type: emerging democracy Capital: Tirana

Independence: 28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire)

GDP Per Capita: $5,800

Occupations: agriculture 58%, industry 15%, services 27%

Currency: lek (ALL)

Algeria

Long Name: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

Area: 919,590 sq. mi. (2,381,740 sq. km)

Climate: arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Population: 33,769,668

Population Growth Rate: 1.209%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.03

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.62

Life Expectancy: 73.77 years

Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

Religion: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Literacy: 69.9%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Algiers

Independence: 5 July 1962 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $6,700

Occupations: agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%,

other 16%

Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)

 
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