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Armenia

Long Name: Republic of Armenia

Location: Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

Area: 11,484 sq. mi. (29,743 sq. km)

Climate: highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Terrain: Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley

Population: 2,968,586

Population Growth Rate: -0.077%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 12.53

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.34

Life Expectancy: 72.4 years

Ethnic Groups: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3%

Religion: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%

Languages: Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4%

Literacy: 99.4%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Yerevan

Independence: 21 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $5,800

Occupations: agriculture 46.2%, industry 15.6%, services 38.2%

Currency: dram (AMD)

Australia

Long Name: Commonwealth of Australia

Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Area: 2,967,896 sq. mi. (7,686,850 sq. km)

Climate: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

Terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

Population: 21,007,310

Population Growth Rate: 1.221% Birth Rate (per 1,000): 12.55

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.68

Life Expectancy: 81.53 years

Ethnic Groups: white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%

Religion: Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3%

Languages: English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8%

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: federal parliamentary democracy

Capital: Canberra

Independence: 1 January 1901 (federation of United Kingdom colonies)

GDP Per Capita: $37,300

Occupations: agriculture 3.6%, industry 21.2%, services 75.2%

Currency: Australian dollar (AUD)

Austria

Long Name: Republic of Austria

Location: Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

Area: 32,382 sq. mi. (83,870 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers

Terrain: in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Population: 8,205,533

Population Growth Rate: 0.064% Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.66 Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.91

Life Expectancy: 79.36 years

Ethnic Groups: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4%

Religion: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12%

Languages: German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3%

Literacy: 98%

Government Type: federal republic Capital: Vienna

Independence: 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed); 12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed)

GDP Per Capita: $39,300

Occupations: agriculture 1.6%, industry 30.3%, services 68%

Currency: euro (EUR)

Azerbaijan

Long Name: Republic of Azerbaijan

Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

Area: 33,436 sq. mi. (86,600 sq. km)

Climate: dry, semiarid steppe

Terrain: large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

Population: 8,177,717 Population Growth Rate: 0.723%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.52

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.32

Life Expectancy: 66.31 years

Ethnic Groups: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9%

Religion: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8%

Languages: Azerbaijani (Azeri) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1%

Literacy: 98.8%

Government Type: republic Capital: Baku

Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $8,000

Occupations: agriculture 41%, industry 7%, services 52%

Currency: Azerbaijani manat (AZN)

 
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