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Bhutan

Long Name: Kingdom of Bhutan

Location: Southern Asia, between China and India

Area: 18,147 sq. mi. (47,000 sq. km)

Climate: varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

Terrain: mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

Population: 682,321 Population Growth Rate: 1.301%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.56

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.54

Life Expectancy: 65.53 years

Ethnic Groups: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas -one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%

Religion: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%

Languages: Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects

Literacy: 47%

Government Type: in transition to constitutional monarchy; special treaty relationship with India

Capital: Thimphu

Independence: 1907 (became a unified kingdom under its first hereditary king)

GDP Per Capita: $5,200

Occupations: agriculture 63%, industry 6%, services 31%

Currency: ngultrum (BTN); Indian rupee (INR)

Bolivia

Long Name: Republic of Bolivia

Location: Central South America, southwest of Brazil

Area: 424,162 sq. mi. (1,098,580 sq. km)

Climate: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

Population: 9,247,816

Population Growth Rate: 1.383%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 22.31

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.35

Life Expectancy: 66.53 years

Ethnic Groups: Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%

Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%

Languages: Spanish 60.7% (official), Quechua 21.2% (official), Aymara 14.6% (official), foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2% Literacy: 86.7%

Government Type: republic Capital: La Paz

Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $4,400

Occupations: agriculture 40%, industry 17%, services 43%

Currency: boliviano (BOB)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Long Name: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

Area: 19,772 sq. mi. (51,209 sq. km)

Climate: hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Terrain: mountains and valleys

Population: 4,590,310

Population Growth Rate: 0.666%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.82

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.54

Life Expectancy: 78.33 years

Ethnic Groups: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6%

Religion: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%

Languages: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Literacy: 96.7%

Government Type: emerging federal democratic republic

Capital: Sarajevo

Independence: 1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia; referendum for independence completed 1 March 1992; independence declared 3 March 1992)

GDP Per Capita: $6,100

Occupations: N/A

Currency: konvertibilna marka (convertible mark) (BAM)

Botswana

Long Name: Republic of Botswana

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

Area: 231,803 sq. mi. (600,370 sq. km)

Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

Population: 1,842,323

Population Growth Rate: 1.434%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 22.96

Death Rate (per 1,000): 14.02

Life Expectancy: 50.16 years

Ethnic Groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Religion: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6%

Languages: Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4%

Literacy: 81.2%

Government Type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Gaborone

Independence: 30 September 1966 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $14,300

Occupations: N/A Currency: pula (BWP)

 
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