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Brazil

Long Name: Federative Republic of Brazil

Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

Area: 3,286,473 sq. mi. (8,511,965 sq. km)

Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Population: 196,342,592 Population Growth Rate: 1.228%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 18.72

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.35

Life Expectancy: 71.71 years

Ethnic Groups: white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7%

Religion: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4%

Languages: Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note -less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages

Literacy: 88.6%

Government Type: federal republic Capital: Brasilia

Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

GDP Per Capita: $9,500

Occupations: agriculture 20%, industry 14%, services 66%

Currency: real (BRL)

Brunei

Long Name: Brunei Darussalam

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

Area: 2,228 sq. mi. (5,770 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy

Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

Population: 381,371 Population Growth Rate: 1.785%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 18.39 Death Rate (per 1,000): 3.28 Life Expectancy: 75.52 years

Ethnic Groups: Malay 66.3%, Chinese 11.2%, indigenous 3.4%, other 19.1%

Religion: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%

Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese

Literacy: 92.7%

Government Type: constitutional sultanate

Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan

Independence: 1 January 1984 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $51,000

Occupations: agriculture 2.9%, industry 61.1%, services 36%

Currency: Bruneian dollar (BND)

Bulgaria

Long Name: Republic of Bulgaria

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

Area: 42,822 sq. mi. (110,910 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

Population: 7,262,675

Population Growth Rate: -0.813%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.58

Death Rate (per 1,000): 14.3

Life Expectancy: 72.83 years

Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian)

Religion: Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4%

Languages: Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8%

Literacy: 98.2%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Sofia

Independence: 3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)

GDP Per Capita: $11,800

Occupations: agriculture 8.5%, industry 33.6%, services 57.9%

Currency: lev (BGN)

Burkina Faso

Long Name: Burkina Faso

Location: Western Africa, north of Ghana

Area: 105,869 sq. mi. (274,200 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

Population: 15,264,735

Population Growth Rate: 3.109%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 44.68

Death Rate (per 1,000): 13.59

Life Expectancy: 52.55 years

Ethnic Groups: Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)

Religion: Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman

Catholic) 10%

Languages: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population Literacy: 21.8%

Government Type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Ouagadougou

Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $1,200

Occupations: agriculture 90%, industry and services 10%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)

 
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