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Burundi

Long Name: Republic of Burundi

Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Area: 10,745 sq. mi. (27,830 sq. km)

Climate: equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)

Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

Population: 8,691,005 Population Growth Rate: 3.443%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 41.72 Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.91 Life Expectancy: 51.71 years

Ethnic Groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000

Religion: Christian 67% (Roman

Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%

Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Literacy: 59.3%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Bujumbura

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

GDP Per Capita: $300

Occupations: agriculture 93.6%, industry 2.3%, services 4.1%

Currency: Burundi franc (BIF)

Cambodia

Long Name: Kingdom of Cambodia

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

Area: 69,900 sq. mi. (181,040 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

Population: 14,241,640

Population Growth Rate: 1.752%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 25.68

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.16

Life Expectancy: 61.69 years

Ethnic Groups: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

Religion: Theravada Buddhist 95%, other 5%

Languages: Khmer (official) 95%, French, English

Literacy: 73.6%

Government Type: multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

Capital: Phnom Penh

Independence: 9 November 1953 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $1,900

Occupations: agriculture 75%, others N/A

Currency: riel (KHR)

Cameroon

Long Name: Republic of Cameroon

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

Area: 183,568 sq. mi. (475,440 sq. km)

Climate: varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

Population: 18,467,692

Population Growth Rate: 2.218%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 34.59

Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.41

Life Expectancy: 53.3 years

Ethnic Groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

Religion: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Languages: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)

Literacy: 67.9%

Government Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime

Capital: Yaounde

Independence: 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $2,200

Occupations: agriculture 70%, industry 13%, services 17%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Canada

Long Name: Canada

Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US

Area: 3,855,085 sq. mi. (9,984,670 sq km)

Climate: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast

Population: 33,212,696

Population Growth Rate: 0.83%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 10.29

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.61

Life Expectancy: 81.16 years

Ethnic Groups: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%

Religion: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16%

Languages: English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation

Capital: Ottawa

Independence: 1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $38,600

Occupations: agriculture 2%, manufacturing 13%, construction 6%, services 76%, other 3%

Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)

 
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