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Cape Verde

Long Name: Republic of Cape Verde

Location: Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

Area: 1,557 sq. mi. (4,033 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic

Terrain: steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

Population: 426,998 Population Growth Rate: 0.595%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 23.95

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.26

Life Expectancy: 71.33 years

Ethnic Groups: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

Languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)

Literacy: 76.6%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Praia

Independence: 5 July 1975 (from Portugal)

GDP Per Capita: $3,200

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)

Central African Republic

Long Name: Central African Republic

Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Area: 240,534 sq. mi. (622,984) sq. km

Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

Population: 4,444,330 Population Growth Rate: 1.509%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 33.13

Death Rate (per 1,000): 18.04

Life Expectancy: 44.22 years

Ethnic Groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%

Religion: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%

Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Literacy: 48.6%

Government Type: republic Capital: Bangui

Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $700

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Chad

Long Name: Republic of Chad

Location: Central Africa, south of Libya

Area: 495,753 sq. mi. (1,284,000 sq. km)

Climate: tropical in south, desert in north

Terrain: broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south

Population: 10,111,337

Population Growth Rate: 2.195%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 41.61

Death Rate (per 1,000): 16.39

Life Expectancy: 47.43 years

Ethnic Groups: Sara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3%

Religion: Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1%

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects

Literacy: 25.7%

Government Type: republic

Capital: N'Djamena

Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $1,500

Occupations: agriculture 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing), industry and services 20%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Chile

Long Name: Republic of Chile

Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

Area: 292,259 sq. mi. (756,950 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south

Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

Population: 16,454,143

Population Growth Rate: 0.905%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.82

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.77

Life Expectancy: 77.15 years

Ethnic Groups: white and white-Amerindian 95.4%, Mapuche 4%, other indigenous groups 0.6%

Religion: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3%

Languages: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English

Literacy: 95.7%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Santiago

Independence: 18 September 1810 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $14,300

Occupations: agriculture 13.6%, industry 23.4%, services 63%

Currency: Chilean peso (CLP)

 
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