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China

Long Name: People's Republic of China

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

Area: 3,705,390 sq. mi. (9,596,960 sq. km)

Climate: extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east

Population: 1,330,044,544 Population Growth Rate: 0.629%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 13.71

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.03

Life Expectancy: 73.18 years

Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%

Religion: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%

Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages

Literacy: 90.9%

Government Type: Communist state Capital: Beijing

Independence: 221 BC (unification under the Qin or Ch'in Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Manchu Dynasty replaced by a Republic); 1 October 1949 (People's Republic established)

GDP Per Capita: $5,400

Occupations: agriculture 43%, industry 25%, services 32%

Currency: Renminbi (RMB), also referred by the unit yuan (CNY)

Colombia

Long Name: Republic of Colombia

Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama

Area: 439,734 sq. mi. (1,138,910 sq. km)

Climate: tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

Terrain: flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains

Population: 45,013,672

Population Growth Rate: 1.405%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 19.86

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.54

Life Expectancy: 72.54 years

Ethnic Groups: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%

Languages: Spanish

Literacy: 92.8%

Government Type: republic; executive branch dominates government structure

Capital: Bogotá

Independence: 20 July 1810 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $7,400

Occupations: agriculture 22.7%, industry 18.7%, services 58.5%

Currency: Colombian peso (COP)

Comoros

Long Name: Union of the Comoros

Location: Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

Area: 838 sq. mi. (2,170 sq. km)

Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

Population: 731,775

Population Growth Rate: 2.803%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 35.78

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.76

Life Expectancy: 63.1 years

Ethnic Groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Religion: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman

Catholic 2%

Languages: Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Literacy: 56.5%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Moroni

Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $1,100

Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%

Currency: Comoran franc (KMF)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Long Name: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Location: Central Africa, northeast of Angola

Area: 905,564 sq. mi. (2,345,410 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (April to October), dry season (December to February); south of Equator - wet season (November to March), dry season (April to October)

Terrain: vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east

Population: 66,514,504

Population Growth Rate: 3.236%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 43

Death Rate (per 1,000): 1.24

Life Expectancy: 53.98 years

Ethnic Groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes -Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population

Religion: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%

Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba

Literacy: 67.2%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Kinshasa

Independence: 30 June 1960 (from Belgium)

GDP Per Capita: $300

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)

 
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