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Republic of the Congo

Long Name: Republic of the Congo

Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

Area: 132,046 sq. mi. (342,000 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

Population: 3,903,318 Population Growth Rate: 2.696%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 41.76

Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.28

Life Expectancy: 53.74 years

Ethnic Groups: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%

Religion: Christian 50%, animist 48%,

Muslim 2%

Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)

Literacy: 83.8%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Brazzaville

Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $3,400

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Costa Rica

Long Name: Republic of Costa Rica

Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama

Area: 19,730 sq. mi. (51,100 sq. km)

Climate: tropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands

Terrain: coastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes

Population: 4,195,914 Population Growth Rate: 1.388%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.71

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.31

Life Expectancy: 77.4 years

Ethnic Groups: white (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%

Languages: Spanish (official), English

Literacy: 94.9%

Government Type: democratic republic Capital: San Jose

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $11,100

Occupations: agriculture 14%, industry 22%, services 64%

Currency: Costa Rican colon (CRC)

Cote d'lvoire

Long Name: Republic of Cote d'lvoire

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia

Area: 124,502 sq. mi. (322,460 sq. km)

Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

Population: 20,179,602

Population Growth Rate: 2.156%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 32.73

Death Rate (per 1,000): 11.17

Life Expectancy: 54.64 years

Ethnic Groups: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French)

Religion: Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7%

Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken

Literacy: 48.7%

Government Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960

Capital: Yamoussoukro

Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $1,700

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)

Croatia

Long Name: Republic of Croatia

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

Area: 21,831 sq. mi. (56,542 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

Population: 4,491,543

Population Growth Rate: -0.043%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.64

Death Rate (per 1,000): 11.66

Life Expectancy: 75.13 years

Ethnic Groups: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma)

Religion: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2%

Languages: Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)

Literacy: 98.1%

Government Type: presidential/parliamentary democracy

Capital: Zagreb

Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)

GDP Per Capita: $15,500

Occupations: agriculture 2.7%, industry 32.8%, services 64.5%

Currency: kuna (HRK)

 
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