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Cuba

Long Name: Republic of Cuba

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Area: 42,803 sq. mi. (110,860 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Population: 11,423,952 Population Growth Rate: 0.251%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 11.27

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.19

Life Expectancy: 77.27 years

Ethnic Groups: white 65.1%, mulatto and mestizo 24.8%, black 10.1%

Religion: nominally 85% Roman Catholic prior to Castro assuming power; Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, and Santeria are also represented

Languages: Spanish

Literacy: 99.8%

Government Type: Communist state Capital: Havana

Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902)

GDP Per Capita: $11,000

Occupations: agriculture 20%, industry 19.4%, services 60.6%

Currency: Cuban peso (CUP) and Convertible peso (CUC)

Cyprus

Long Name: Republic of Cyprus

Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

Area: 3,571 sq. mi. (9,250 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

Population: 792,604 Population Growth Rate: 0.522%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 12.56

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.76

Life Expectancy: 78.15 years

Ethnic Groups: Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5%

Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%

Languages: Greek, Turkish, English

Literacy: 97.6%

Government Type: republic Capital: Nicosia

Independence: 16 August 1960 (from United Kingdom); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 and independence in 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Turkey

GDP Per Capita: $27,100

Occupations: agriculture 8.5%, industry 20.5%, services 71%

Currency: Cypriot pound (CYP); euro

(EUR) after 1 January 2008

Czech Republic

Long Name: Czech Republic

Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany

Area: 30,450 sq. mi. (78,866 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

Population: 10,220,911 Population Growth Rate: -0.082%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.89

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.69

Life Expectancy: 76.62 years

Ethnic Groups: Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4%

Religion: Roman Catholic 26.8%,

Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59%

Languages: Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8%

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Prague

Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)

GDP Per Capita: $24,500

Occupations: agriculture 4.1%, industry 37.6%, services 58.3%

Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

Denmark

Long Name: Kingdom of Denmark

Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

Area: 16,639 sq. mi. (43,094 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Population: 5,484,723

Population Growth Rate: 0.295%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 10.71

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.25

Life Expectancy: 78.13 years

Ethnic Groups: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali

Religion: Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2%

Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority), English (as the predominant second language)

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Copenhagen

Independence: first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy

GDP Per Capita: $37,200

Occupations: agriculture 3%, industry 21%, services 76%

Currency: Danish krone (DKK)

 
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