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Egypt

Long Name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula

Area: 386,660 sq. mi. (1,001,450 sq. km)

Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters

Terrain: vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta

Population: 81,713,520

Population Growth Rate: 1.682%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 22.12

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.09

Life Expectancy: 71.85 years

Ethnic Groups: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)

Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%

Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Literacy: 71.4%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Cairo

Independence: 28 February 1922 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $5,000

Occupations: agriculture 32%, industry 17%, services 51%

Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP)

El Salvador

Long Name: Republic of El Salvador

Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

Area: 8,124 sq. mi. (21,040 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

Population: 7,066,403 Population Growth Rate: 1.679%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 25.72

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.53

Life Expectancy: 72.06 years

Ethnic Groups: mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%

Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Literacy: 80.2%

Government Type: republic

Capital: San Salvador

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $6,000

Occupations: agriculture, 19%, industry 23%, services 58%

Currency: US dollar (USD)

Equatorial Guinea

Long Name: Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon

Area: 10,831 sq. mi. (28,051 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Population: 616,459 Population Growth Rate: 2.732%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 37.04 Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.72 Life Expectancy: 61.23 years

Ethnic Groups: Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4%

Religion: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Languages: Spanish 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (includes French [official], Fang, Bubi)

Literacy: 87%

Government Type: republic Capital: Malabo

Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $28,200

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

Eritrea

Long Name: State of Eritrea

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

Area: 46,842 sq. mi. (121,320 sq. km)

Climate: hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands

Terrain: dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains

Population: 5,502,026 Population Growth Rate: 2.631%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 34.94

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.63

Life Expectancy: 61.38 years

Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%

Religion: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Languages: Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kuna-ma, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Literacy: 58.6%

Government Type: transitional government

Capital: Asmara

Independence: 24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)

GDP Per Capita: $800

Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%

Currency: nakfa (ERN)

 
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