Long Name: French Republic

Location: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the United Kingdom; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain

Area: 211,208 sq. mi. (547,030 sq. km)

Climate: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral

Terrain: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east

Population: 62,150,775 Population Growth Rate: 0.574%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 12.73

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.48

Life Expectancy: 80.87 years

Ethnic Groups: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

Religion: Roman Catholic 83%-88%,

Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%

Languages: French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: republic Capital: Paris

Independence: 486 (Frankish tribes unified); 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire)

GDP Per Capita: $32,600

Occupations: agriculture 4.1%, industry

24.4%, services 71.5%

Currency: euro (EUR)


Long Name: Gabonese Republic

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

Area: 103,346 sq. mi. (267,667 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

Population: 1,485,832 Population Growth Rate: 1.954%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 35.75

Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.59

Life Expectancy: 53.52 years

Ethnic Groups: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality

Religion: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%

Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Literacy: 63.2%

Government Type: republic; multiparty presidential regime

Capital: Libreville

Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $14,000

Occupations: agriculture 60%, industry 15%, services 25%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)

The Gambia

Long Name: Republic of The Gambia

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

Area: 4,363 sq. mi. (11,300 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

Population: 1,735,464

Population Growth Rate: 2.724%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 38.36

Death Rate (per 1,000): 11.74

Life Expectancy: 54.95 years

Ethnic Groups: African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%

Religion: Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%

Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars

Literacy: 40.1%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Banjul

Independence: 18 February 1965 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $1,200

Occupations: agriculture 75%, industry 19%, services 6%

Currency: dalasi (GMD)


Long Name: Georgia

Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

Area: 26,911 sq. mi. (69,700 sq. km)

Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Population: 4,630,841 Population Growth Rate: -0.325%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 10.62

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.51

Life Expectancy: 76.51 years

Ethnic Groups: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%,

other 2.5% Religion: Orthodox Christian 83.9%,

Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7%

Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%

Literacy: 100%

Government Type: republic

Capital: T'bilisi

Independence: 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $4,400

Occupations: agriculture 55.6%, industry 8.9%, services 35.5%

Currency: lari (GEL)

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