Long Name: Federal Republic of Germany

Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

Area: 137,846 sq. mi. (357,021 sq. km)

Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind

Terrain: lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south

Population: 82,369,552

Population Growth Rate: -0.044%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.18

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.8

Life Expectancy: 79.1 years

Ethnic Groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)

Religion: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%

Languages: German

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: federal republic Capital: Berlin

Independence: 18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (United Kingdom, US, USSR, and later, France) in 1945 following World War II; Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) proclaimed 23 May 1949 and included the former United Kingdom, US, and French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany) proclaimed 7 October 1949 and included the former USSR zone; unification of West Germany and East Germany took place 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991

GDP Per Capita: $34,100

Occupations: agriculture 2.8%, industry 33.4%, services 63.8%

Currency: euro (EUR)


Long Name: Republic of Ghana

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Area: 92,456 sq. mi. (239,460 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Population: 23,382,848

Population Growth Rate: 1.928%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 29.22

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.39

Life Expectancy: 59.49 years

Ethnic Groups: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dag-bon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8%

Religion: Christian 68.8%

(Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1%

Languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English [official])

Literacy: 57.9%

Government Type: constitutional democracy

Capital: Accra

Independence: 6 March 1957 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $1,400

Occupations: agriculture 56%, industry

15%, services 29%

Currency: Ghana cedi (GHC)


Long Name: Hellenic Republic

Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Area: 50,942 sq. mi. (131,940 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Population: 10,722,816

Population Growth Rate: 0.146%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.54

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.42

Life Expectancy: 79.52 years

Ethnic Groups: Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7%

Religion: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%

Languages: Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)

Literacy: 96%

Government Type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Athens

Independence: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

GDP Per Capita: $30,600

Occupations: agriculture 12%, industry 20%, services 68%

Currency: euro (EUR)

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