Long Name: Republic of Iraq

Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

Area: 168,754 sq. mi. (437,072 sq. km)

Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq

Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey

Population: 28,221,180

Population Growth Rate: 2.562%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 30.77

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.14

Life Expectancy: 69.62 years

Ethnic Groups: Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%

Religion: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other


Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Literacy: 74.1%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Baghdad

Independence: 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

GDP Per Capita: $3,700

Occupations: N/A

Currency: New Iraqi dinar (NID)


Long Name: Ireland

Location: Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

Area: 27,135 sq. mi. (70,280 sq. km)

Climate: temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Population: 4,156,119 Population Growth Rate: 1.133%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.33

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.77

Life Expectancy: 78.07 years

Ethnic Groups: Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6%

Religion: Roman Catholic 87.4%,

Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2%

Languages: English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: republic, parliamentary democracy

Capital: Dublin

Independence: 6 December 1921 (from United Kingdom by treaty)

GDP Per Capita: $46,600

Occupations: agriculture 6%, industry 27%, services 67%

Currency: euro (EUR)


Long Name: State of Israel

Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

Area: 8,019 sq. mi. (20,770 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

Population: 7,112,359 Population Growth Rate: 1.713%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.02

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.41

Life Expectancy: 80.61 years

Ethnic Groups: Jewish 76.4% (of which Israel-born 67.1%, Europe/America-born 22.6%, Africa-born 5.9%, Asia-born 4.2%), non-Jewish 23.6% (mostly Arab)

Religion: Jewish 76.4%, Muslim 16%, Arab Christians 1.7%, other Christian 0.4%, Druze 1.6%, unspecified 3.9%

Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language

Literacy: 97.1%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Jerusalem

Independence: 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

GDP Per Capita: $26,600

Occupations: agriculture 18.5%, industry 23.7%, services 50%, other 7.8%

Currency: new Israeli shekel (ILS)

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