The Obama Presidency and the Politics of Change


Reining inForeign PolicyRepresenting Transformation and ChangeIncremental ChangeWhite House ReformsThe Limits of IncrementalismDrivers of ChangePersonalistic AccountsStructural AccountsObama, Regime-Cycles and the Concept of “Pre-emption”Parties and ElectionsAbandoning the “Grand Narratives”QuestionsNotesObama’s Electoral Record: The Emerging Democratic Majority?Electoral ReversesDisciplined PartiesRealignmentRepublican StrategiesConclusionNotesThe Obama White House and CongressPolarizationCongressReviewing the RelationshipThe 111th Congress, (2009-2011)The 112th Congress (2011-2013)The 113th Congress (2015-2017)The 114th CongressAssessing the RecordNotesThe US Supreme Court in the Obama YearsActivism on the Warren, Rehnquist and Roberts CourtsShelby County v. Holder: A Conservative Crusade ContinuedObergefell v. Hodges: A Liberal Crusade Capped OffCitizens United, Justices DisunitedThe Roberts Court and Business InterestsObamacare, Politics and the Roberts RetreatA New Liberal Majority?ConclusionNotesContinuity and Change: Immigration Worksite Enforcement in the Bush and Obama AdministrationsBackgroundComparing Bush’s and Obama’s Worksite Enforcement StrategiesAssessing and Comparing Bush’s and Obama’s Worksite Enforcement OutcomesCivil Administrative ToolsProsecuting Unscrupulous EmployersOutreach and Compliance ProgramsBush versus Obama: Analyzing ICE’s Enforcement ActionsFinesArrestsAuditsConclusionNotesMacroeconomic Policy and Processes of Neoliberalization During the Obama YearsThe American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)Fiscal Policy After ARRAExplaining the Turn to ConsolidationPartisan Consensus and Partisan ConflictMonetary Policy and Quantitative Easing (QE)“Working in Opposite Directions”NeoliberalizationDistributive EffectsReconfiguring PoliticsQualifying PartisanshipConclusion: Comparing CrisesNotesRacially Polarised Partisanship and the Obama PresidencyThe Elections of Barack Obama: A Race-Conscious ApproachRacially Polarised Voting in the 2008 and 2012 General Elections‘Colour-Blind’ Governance under ObamaThe Spillover of RacialisationRacially Polarised PartisanshipStructural Constraints on the PresidencyConclusionNotesOffers and Throffers: Education Policy under ObamaOffers, Threats and ThroffersObama’s Education PolicyThreats and Offers under ObamaConclusionNotesHealthy Hunger-free Kids? The US School Lunch RevolutionThe Need for ChangeChange to Existing ProvisionThe HHFKA as a Vehicle for ReformOppositionChanging Framework, Changing ThinkingConclusionNotesObama and the EnvironmentInitial DisappointmentCopenhagenWaxman-MarkeyAmbient Ozone and OIRAWas It a Stealth Strategy?The American Recovery and Reinvestment ActWaffling on KXLThe EPA and Carbon PollutionSurprising Results of Copenhagen ApproachConclusionNotesA New “War on Poverty”? A Story of Policy Success, Frustration and RestraintDefining and Measuring PovertyObama’s RecordCash and In-Kind BenefitsHealthCare Reform and the PoorInstitutional Obstacles: Congress, Court and StatesIdeational Limitations: The Continuing Reagan egacyDiscussion and Conclusion: A Mixed LegacyNotesBarack Obama and the Return of ‘Declinism’: Rebalancing American Foreign Policy in an Era of MultipolarityThe Obama DoctrineThe Return of Declinism?The Credibility TestConclusionNotesObama and Iran: Explaining Policy ChangeObstacles to ChangeForces for ChangeImplicationsNotes“Here, We See the Future”: The Obama Administration’s Pivot to AsiaThe First Pacific PresidentPivot or Rebalance?CONGAGEMENTDeepening AlliancesExpanding the Strategic Scope of InterestMultilateral FrameworksConclusionNotesAfterword: The American Politics Group (Political Studies Association, UK)
 
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