Long Name: Italian Republic

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

Area: 116,305 sq. mi. (301,230 sq. km)

Climate: predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands

Population: 58,145,320

Population Growth Rate: -0.019%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.36

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.61

Life Expectancy: 80.07 years

Ethnic Groups: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Religion: Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third practicing), other 10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community)

Languages: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Literacy: 98.4%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Rome

Independence: 17 March 1861 (Kingdom of Italy proclaimed; Italy was not finally unified until 1870)

GDP Per Capita: $30,900

Occupations: agriculture 5%, industry 32%, services 63%

Currency: euro (EUR)


Long Name: Jamaica

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Area: 4,244 sq. mi. (10,991 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

Population: 2,804,332

Population Growth Rate: 0.779%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.04

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.37

Life Expectancy: 73.59 years

Ethnic Groups: black 91.2%, mixed 6.2%, other or unknown 2.6%

Religion: Protestant 62.5% (Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Other Church of God 8.3%, Baptist 7.2%, New Testament Church of God 6.3%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of

Prophecy 4.3%, Anglican 3.6%, other Christian 7.7%), Roman Catholic 2.6%, other or unspecified 14.2%, none 20.9%

Languages: English, English patois

Literacy: 87.9%

Government Type: constitutional parliamentary democracy

Capital: Kingston

Independence: 6 August 1962 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $7,400

Occupations: agriculture 17%, industry 19%, services 64%

Currency: Jamaican dollar (JMD)


Long Name: Japan

Location: Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

Area: 145,882 sq. mi. (377,835 sq. km)

Climate: varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north

Terrain: mostly rugged and mountainous

Population: 127,288,416

Population Growth Rate: -0.139%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 7.87

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.26

Life Expectancy: 82.07 years

Ethnic Groups: Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%

Religion: observe both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including

Christian 0.7%)

Languages: Japanese

Government Type: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government

Capital: Tokyo

Independence: 660 B.C.E. (traditional founding by Emperor Jimmu)

GDP Per Capita: $33,500

Occupations: agriculture 4.6%, industry 27.8%, services 67.7%

Currency: yen (JPY)


Long Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

Area: 35,637 sq. mi. (92,300 sq. km)

Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

Population: 6,198,677 Population Growth Rate: 2.338%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.13

Death Rate (per 1,000): 2.72

Life Expectancy: 78.71 years

Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations)

Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes

Literacy: 99%

Literacy: 89.9%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amman

Independence: 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

GDP Per Capita: $4,700

Occupations: agriculture 5%, industry 12.5%, services 82.5%

Currency: Jordanian dinar (JOD)

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