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Lebanon

Long Name: Lebanese Republic

Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

Area: 4,015 sq. mi. (10,400 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows

Terrain: narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains

Population: 3,971,941 Population Growth Rate: 1.154%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.61 Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.06 Life Expectancy: 73.41 years Ethnic Groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%

Religion: Muslim 59.7% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri),

Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic,

Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3%, 17 religious sects recognized

Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Literacy: 87.4%

Government Type: republic Capital: Beirut

Independence: 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

GDP Per Capita: $10,300

Occupations: N/A

Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP)

Lesotho

Long Name: Kingdom of Lesotho

Location: Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa

Area: 11,720 sq. mi. (30,355 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers

Terrain: mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains

Population: 2,128,180

Population Growth Rate: 0.129%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 24.41

Death Rate (per 1,000): 22.33

Life Expectancy: 40.17 years

Ethnic Groups: Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,

Religion: Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%

Languages: Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa

Literacy: 84.8%

Government Type: parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Capital: Maseru

Independence: 4 October 1966 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $1,400

Occupations: agriculture 86% of resident population engaged in subsistence agriculture, roughly 35% of the active male wage earners work in South Africa, industry and services 14%

Currency: loti (LSL); South African rand

(ZAR) Liberia

Long Name: Republic of Liberia

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone

Area: 43,000 sq. mi. (111,370 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast

Population: 3,334,587

Population Growth Rate: 3.661%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 42.92

Death Rate (per 1,000): 21.45

Life Expectancy: 41.13 years

Ethnic Groups: indigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandin-go, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)

Religion: Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 40%

Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

Literacy: 57.5%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Monrovia

Independence: 26 July 1847

GDP Per Capita: $500

Occupations: agriculture 70%, industry 8%, services 22%

Currency: Liberian dollar (LRD)

Libya

Long Name: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

Area: 679,359 sq. mi. (1,759,540 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

Population: 6,173,579

Population Growth Rate: 2.216%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 25.62

Death Rate (per 1,000): 3.46

Life Expectancy: 77.07 years

Ethnic Groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Religion: Sunni Muslim 97%, other 3%

Languages: Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities

Literacy: 82.6%

Government Type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in practice, an authoritarian state

Capital: Tripoli

Independence: 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $12,400

Occupations: agriculture 17%, industry 23%, services 59%

Currency: Libyan dinar (LYD)

 
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