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Madagascar

Long Name: Republic of Madagascar

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

Area: 226,656 sq. mi. (587,040 sq. km)

Climate: tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south

Terrain: narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

Population: 20,042,552

Population Growth Rate: 3.005%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 38.38

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.32

Life Expectancy: 62.52 years

Ethnic Groups: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran

Religion: indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%

Languages: English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)

Literacy: 68.9%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Antananarivo

Independence: 26 June 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $900

Occupations: N/A Currency: ariary (MGA)

Malawi

Long Name: Republic of Malawi

Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia

Area: 45,745 sq. mi. (118,480 sq. km)

Climate: sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

Population: 13,931,831

Population Growth Rate: 2.39%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 41.79

Death Rate (per 1,000): 17.89

Life Expectancy: 43.45 years

Ethnic Groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbu-ka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European

Religion: Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3%

Languages: Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6%

Literacy: 62.7%

Government Type: multiparty democracy

Capital: Lilongwe

Independence: 6 July 1964 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $800

Occupations: agriculture 90%, industry and services 10%

Currency: Malawian kwacha (MWK)

Malaysia

Long Name: Malaysia

Location: Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

Area: 127,317 sq. mi. (329,750 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

Terrain: coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

Population: 25,274,132

Population Growth Rate: 1.742%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 22.44

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.02

Life Expectancy: 73.03 years

Ethnic Groups: Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8%

Religion: Muslim 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8%

Languages: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai, in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan

Literacy: 88.7%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Independence: 31 August 1957 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $14,500

Occupations: agriculture 13%, industry 36%, services 51%

Currency: ringgit (MYR)

Maldives

Long Name: Republic of Maldives

Location: Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India

Area: 116 sq. mi. (300 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)

Terrain: flat, with white sandy beaches

Population: 385,925

Population Growth Rate: 5.566%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.84

Death Rate (per 1,000): 3.66

Life Expectancy: 73.72 years

Ethnic Groups: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs

Religion: Sunni Muslim

Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials

Literacy: 96.3%

Government Type: republic Capital: Male

Independence: 26 July 1965 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $4,600

Occupations: agriculture 22%, industry 18%, services 60%

Currency: rufiyaa (MVR)

 
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