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Mauritius

Long Name: Republic of Mauritius

Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Area: 788 sq. mi. (2,040 sq. km)

Climate: tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

Population: 1,274,189

Population Growth Rate: 0.8% Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.64 Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.55 Life Expectancy: 73.75 years Ethnic Groups: Indo-Mauritian 68%,

Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%,

Franco-Mauritian 2%

Religion: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4%

Languages: Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3%

Literacy: 84.4%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port Louis

Independence: 12 March 1968 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $11,300

Occupations: agriculture and fishing 9%, construction and industry 30%, transportation and communication 7%, trade, restaurants, hotels 22%, finance 6%, other services 25%

Currency: Mauritian rupee (MUR)

Mexico

Long Name: United Mexican States

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US

Area: 761,602 sq. mi. (1,972,550 sq. km)

Climate: varies from tropical to desert

Terrain: high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert

Population: 109,955,400

Population Growth Rate: 1.142%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.04

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.78

Life Expectancy: 75.84 years

Ethnic Groups: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1%

Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%; note - indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

Literacy: 91%

Government Type: federal republic Capital: Mexico (Distrito Federal) Independence: 16 September 1810 (declared); 27 September 1821 (recognized by Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $12,400

Occupations: agriculture 18%, industry 24%, services 58%

Currency: Mexican peso (MXN)

Micronesia

Long Name: Federated States of Micronesia

Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Area: 271 sq. mi. (702 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk

Population: 107,665

Population Growth Rate: -0.191%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 23.66

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.53

Life Expectancy: 70.65 years

Ethnic Groups: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4%

Religion: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other 3%

Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Wolea-ian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Literacy: 89%

Government Type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004

Capital: Palikir

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $2,300

Occupations: agriculture 0.9%, industry 34.4%, services 64.7%

Currency: US dollar (USD)

 
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