Long Name: Republic of Moldova

Location: Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

Area: 13,067 sq. mi. (33,843 sq. km)

Climate: moderate winters, warm summers

Terrain: rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea

Population: 4,324,450 Population Growth Rate: -0.092%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 11.01 Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.8 Life Expectancy: 70.5 years Ethnic Groups: Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3%

Religion: Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5%

Languages: Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

Literacy: 99.1%

Government Type: republic Capital: Chisinau

Independence: 27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $2,300

Occupations: agriculture 40.7%, industry 12.1%, services 47.2%

Currency: Moldovan leu (MDL)


Long Name: Principality of Monaco

Location: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy

Area: 0.75 sq. mi. (1.95 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky

Population: 32,796 Population Growth Rate: 0.375%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.09

Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.96

Life Expectancy: 79.96 years

Ethnic Groups: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%

Religion: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%

Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Monaco

Independence: 1419 (beginning of rule by the House of Grimaldi)

GDP Per Capita: $30,000

Occupations: primarily services Currency: euro (EUR)


Long Name: Mongolia

Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia

Area: 603,906 sq. mi. (1,564,116 sq. km)

Climate: desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central

Population: 2,996,081

Population Growth Rate: 1.493%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 21.09

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.16

Life Expectancy: 67.32 years

Ethnic Groups: Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1%

Religion: Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%

Languages: Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian

Literacy: 97.8%

Government Type: mixed parliamentary/ presidential

Capital: Ulaanbaatar

Independence: 11 July 1921 (from China)

GDP Per Capita: $2,900

Occupations: agriculture 39.9%, industry 11.7%, services 49.4%

Currency: togrog/tugrik (MNT)


Long Name: Montenegro

Location: Southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia

Area: 5,415 sq. mi. (14,026 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland

Terrain: highly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus

Population: 678,177

Population Growth Rate: -0.925%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 11.17

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.51

Life Expectancy: N/A

Ethnic Groups: Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, other (Muslims, Croats, Roma (Gypsy)) 12%

Religion: Orthodox 74.2%, Muslim 17.7%, Catholic 3.5%, other 0.6%, unspecified 3%, atheist 1%

Languages: Serbian 63.6%, Montenegrin (official) 22%, Bosnian 5.5%, Albanian 5.3%, unspecified 3.7%

Literacy: N/A

Government Type: republic Capital: Podgorica

Independence: 3 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)

GDP Per Capita: $3,800

Occupations: agriculture 2%, industry 30%, services 68%

Currency: euro (EUR)

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