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New Zealand

Long Name: New Zealand

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

Area: 103,737 sq. mi. (268,680 sq. km)

Climate: temperate with sharp regional contrasts

Terrain: predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains

Population: 4,173,460

Population Growth Rate: 0.971%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.09

Death Rate (per 1,000): 7

Life Expectancy: 80.24 years

Ethnic Groups: European 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8%

Religion: Anglican 14.9%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, Presbyterian 10.9%, Methodist 2.9%, Pentecostal 1.7%, Baptist 1.3%, other Christian 9.4%, other 3.3%, unspecified 17.2%, none


Languages: English (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Wellington

Independence: 26 September 1907 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $27,200

Occupations: agriculture 7%, industry 19%, services 74%

Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)


Long Name: Republic of Nicaragua

Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North

Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

Area: 49,998 sq. mi. (129,494 sq. km)

Climate: tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

Terrain: extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

Population: 5,785,846 Population Growth Rate: 1.825%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 23.7

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.33

Life Expectancy: 71.21 years

Ethnic Groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religion: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7%

Languages: Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8%

Literacy: 67.5%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Managua

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

GDP Per Capita: $2,800

Occupations: agriculture 29%, industry 19%, services 52%

Currency: gold cordoba (NIO)


Long Name: Republic of Niger

Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

Area: 489,189 sq. mi. (1,267,000 sq. km)

Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

Population: 13,272,679 Population Growth Rate: 2.878%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 49.62

Death Rate (per 1,000): 20.26

Life Expectancy: 44.28 years

Ethnic Groups: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2%

Religion: Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Literacy: 28.7%

Government Type: republic Capital: Niamey

Independence: 3 August 1960 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $700

Occupations: agriculture 90%, industry 6%, services 4%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)


Long Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Area: 356,667 sq. mi. (923,768 sq. km)

Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Population: 146,255,312 Population Growth Rate: 2.025%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 37.23

Death Rate (per 1,000): 16.88

Life Expectancy: 46.53 years

Ethnic Groups: Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Religion: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani

Literacy: 68%

Government Type: federal republic Capital: Abuja

Independence: 1 October 1960 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $2,100

Occupations: agriculture 70%, industry 10%, services: 20%

Currency: naira (NGN)

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