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Rwanda

Long Name: Republic of Rwanda

Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Area: 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

Terrain: mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

Population: 10,186,063

Population Growth Rate: 2.779%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 39.97

Death Rate (per 1,000): 14.46

Life Expectancy: 49.76 years

Ethnic Groups: Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7%

Languages: Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers

Literacy: 70.4%

Government Type: republic; presidential, multiparty system

Capital: Kigali

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $800

Occupations: agriculture 90%, industry and services 10%

Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Long Name: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Area: 101 sq. mi. (261 sq. km)

Climate: tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors

Population: 39,817

Population Growth Rate: 0.723%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.73

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.19

Life Expectancy: 72.94 years

Ethnic Groups: predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese

Religion: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic

Languages: English

Literacy: 97.8%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Basseterre

Independence: 19 September 1983 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $13,900

Occupations: primarily services and industry

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Saint Lucia

Long Name: Saint Lucia

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Area: 238 sq. mi. (616 sq. km)

Climate: tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August

Terrain: volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys

Population: 159,585 Population Growth Rate: 0.436%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 15.4

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.71

Life Expectancy: 76.25 years

Ethnic Groups: black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1%

Religion: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5%

Languages: English (official), French patois

Literacy: 90.1%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Castries

Independence: 22 February 1979 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $10,700

Occupations: agriculture 21.7%, industry 24.7%, services 53.6%

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Long Name: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Area: 150 sq. mi. (389 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic, mountainous

Population: 118,432 Population Growth Rate: 0.231%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 15.82

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.96

Life Expectancy: 74.34 years

Ethnic Groups: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, European 4%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 3%

Religion: Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%

Languages: English, French patois Literacy: 96%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Kingstown

Independence: 27 October 1979 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $9,800

Occupations: agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57%

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

 
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