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Samoa

Long Name: Independent State of Samoa

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand

Area: 1,137 sq. mi. (2,944 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)

Terrain: two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior

Population: 217,083

Population Growth Rate: 1.322%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 28.2

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.84

Life Expectancy: 71.58 years

Ethnic Groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4%

Religion: Congregationalist 34.8%, Roman Catholic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1%

Languages: Samoan (Polynesian), English

Literacy: 99.7%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Apia

Independence: 1 January 1962 (from New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $5,400

Occupations: N/A

Currency: tala (SAT)

San Marino

Long Name: Most Serene Republic of San Marino

Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Area: 24 sq. mi. (61 sq. km)

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain: rugged mountains

Population: 29,973 Population Growth Rate: 1.181%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.74

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.37

Life Expectancy: 81.88 years

Ethnic Groups: Sammarinese, Italian

Religion: Roman Catholic

Languages: Italian

Literacy: 96%

Government Type: republic Capital: San Marino Independence: 3 September AD 301

GDP Per Capita: $34,100

Occupations: agriculture 0.2%, industry 40.1%, services 59.7%

Currency: euro (EUR)

Sâo Tomé and Principe

Long Name: Democratic Republic of Sâo Tomé and Principe

Location: Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

Area: 386 sq. mi. (1,001 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

Terrain: volcanic, mountainous

Population: 206,178 Population Growth Rate: 3.116%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 39.12 Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.98 Life Expectancy: 68 years

Ethnic Groups: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

Religion: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4%

Languages: Portuguese (official)

Literacy: 84.9%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Sâo Tomé

Independence: 12 July 1975 (from Portugal)

GDP Per Capita: $1,600

Occupations: population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; shortages of skilled workers

Currency: dobra (STD)

Saudi Arabia

Long Name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

Area: 829,996 sq. mi. (2,149,690 sq. km)

Climate: harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes

Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert

Population: 28,146,656 Population Growth Rate: 1.954%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 28.85 Death Rate (per 1,000): 2.49 Life Expectancy: 76.09 years Ethnic Groups: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religion: Muslim 100% Languages: Arabic Literacy: 78.8% Government Type: monarchy Capital: Riyadh

Independence: 23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $19,800

Occupations: agriculture 12%, industry 25%, services 63%

Currency: Saudi riyal (SAR)

 
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