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Senegal

Long Name: Republic of Senegal

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

Area: 75,749 sq. mi. (196,190 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

Population: 12,853,259

Population Growth Rate: 2.58%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 36.52

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.72

Life Expectancy: 57.08 years

Ethnic Groups: Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%

Religion: Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%

Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Literacy: 39.3%

Government Type: republic Capital: Dakar

Independence: 4 April 1960 (from France); complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960

GDP Per Capita: $1,700

Occupations: agriculture 77.5%, industry and services 22.5%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)

Serbia

Long Name: Republic of Serbia

Location: Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary

Area: 29,913 sq. mi. (77,474 sq. km)

Climate: in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)

Terrain: extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills

Population: 10,159,046

Population Growth Rate: N/A

Birth Rate (per 1,000): N/A

Death Rate (per 1,000): N/A

Life Expectancy: 75.29 years

Ethnic Groups: Serb 82.9%, Hungarian 3.9%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.4%, Yugoslavs 1.1%, Bosniaks 1.8%, Montenegrin 0.9%, other 8%

Religion: Serbian Orthodox 85%, Catholic 5.5%, Protestant 1.1%, Muslim 3.2%, unspecified 2.6%, other, unknown, or atheist 2.6%

Languages: Serbian 88.3% (official), Hungarian 3.8%, Bosniak 1.8%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 4.1%, unknown 0.9%, Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, and Croatian all official in Vojvodina

Literacy: 96.4%

Government Type: republic Capital: Belgrade

Independence: 5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)

GDP Per Capita: $10,400

Occupations: agriculture 30%, industry 46%, services 24%

Currency: Serbian dinar (RSD)

Seychelles

Long Name: Republic of Seychelles

Location: archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar

Area: 176 sq. mi. (455 sq. km)

Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)

Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs

Population: 82,247 Population Growth Rate: 0.428%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 15.6

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.21

Life Expectancy: 72.6 years

Ethnic Groups: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab

Religion: Roman Catholic 82.3%, Anglican 6.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.1%, other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6%

Languages: Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2%

Literacy: 91.8%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Victoria

Independence: 29 June 1976 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $16,600

Occupations: agriculture 3%, industry 23%, services 74%

Currency: Seychelles rupee (SCR)

 
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